Psychology of Social Development

Debt behavior of different generations before and after COVID-19

The relevance of researching debt behavior in the context of the pandemic is associated with the need to understand the changes in the willingness of Russians to postpone the satisfaction of their needs and help others in the face of a worsening epidemiological, economic and social situation in the country. The aim of the study was to compare the debt behavior of the baby boomer generations X, Y and Z before and after the beginning of the pandemic.

Characteristics of interpretative repertoires of perceiving other people in individual “images of the world”

Various sociocultural, value-related and normative contexts of individual and group existence are simultaneously supported by the postmodern society. Their mismatch is partly responsible for intra- and interpersonal conflicts and crises in the system of relations. Therefore, nowadays researchers stay focused on the problem of systematizing the subject’s ideas about other people and other social phenomena.

Breaking connections in the representations of “I – Stranger” interaction: Determinants and prerequisites (the case study of extremist groups)

The article presents the results of a theoretical reflection on the main prerequisites and determinants of extremism as a complex sociopsychological phenomenon which poses a serious threat to international security. Purpose: to study social and socio-psychological determinants which contribute to and lead to breaking connections in the “I – Stranger” dyad as fundamentals of sociability (on the example of extremist groups).

Defensive-coping behaviour in teenagers and adolescents

The article presents data on studying correspondence between psychological defense mechanisms and coping strategies in teenage and adolescent years within the context of a unified system of self-regulation and adaptation. The relevance of research into defensive-coping behavior is conditioned by the need to understand interaction between defense mechanisms and coping strategies in teenage years and adolescence, as well as to solve the practical problem, i.e.

Characteristics of will as predictors of risk inclination of military university students in the process of professional military socialization

. One of the important and relevant problems of social psychology is the study of the role of will characteristics as important regulators of risk behavior. It is especially interesting to investigate it in such a specific social group as military personnel, whose activities are associated with risk both directly and indirectly. In view of this, the purpose of the research presented in the article is to study changes in volitional determination of risk and rational behavior of the military university students in the process of professional military socialization.

Characteristics of the ultimate meanings and students’ life-purpose orientations depending on the gender

 The relevance of the study is conditioned by rapid transition to digital forms of education, which is associated with the pandemic. Students have changed the way they interact with teachers and with each other, which constantly leads to transformation of personal meanings, values, rethinking of their purpose and role in the educational process. The purpose of the study, presented in the article, is to investigate unusual characteristics of the semantic sphere regarding male and female students’ academic activity.

Conditions for effectiveness of prompts in solving challenging problems of artistic and scientific content

The study analyzes the problem of the influence of prompts on the achievement of creative problem solution and conditions under which it is effective. The relevance of the topic is determined by the context of the determinants and factors that define success of solving creative problems. From the standpoint of the problem situations theory, we revealed conditions for positive influence of direct and indirect prompts in solving problems of different content.

Motivation of protest and socio-political activity of an individual and its potential in the system of life-purpose orientations

The relevance of the study is conditioned by the need for formation of theoretical and practical knowledge and technologies that allow to determine the structure of motivation of socio-political and protest activity. The purpose of the study is to investigate motivation of protest and socio-political activity of an individual and its potential within the system of life-purpose orientations. Presumably, the motivational structure of socio-political and protest activity reveals similarities in the manifestation of qualitative and quantitative characteristics.

Ethical and psychological factors of social activity of modern young people

The purpose of the study presented in the article is an empirical study of the relationship between characteristics of moral selfdetermination and various forms of social activity of young people. The study involves students (N = 236): high school students (n = 118) and university students (n = 118) of Saratov and Saratov Oblast (Russia) aged from 17 to 19 years. We use the following techniques as methodological tools: a questionnaire aimed at registering various forms of social activity and the degree of its manifestation (R. M. Shamionov, I. V. Arendachuk, E. E.

Attitude of Russian teachers to cultural diversity in difficult pedagogical situations: Experience of qualitative analysis

Student-related cultural diversity is a phenomenon that characterizes most Russian schools. Intercultural interaction between teachers and students is discussed in the article from the perspective of the model called “Diversity in Organizations: Perception and Approaches” developed by M. Tatar and G. Gorenchik. The purpose of the study was to investigate the content of the ideas of Russian teachers about cultural diversity in the educational environment in the context of solving difficult pedagogical situations when interacting with children of migrants belonging to different cultures.