Cite this article as:

Shamionov R. M., Sorokin A. I. The Role of Military Identity, Values and Satisfaction with the Military Service in Responsibility Formation of Cadets. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2020, vol. 9, iss. 1, pp. 25-32. DOI:


The Role of Military Identity, Values and Satisfaction with the Military Service in Responsibility Formation of Cadets


The study of the role of socio-psychological characteristics, which emerge in the process of socialization, in the formation of a responsible attitude of cadets to the military service activities, is an important task of social psychology. The responsibility of the military provides for the successful implementation of their professional activities and stability of the state and society. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to study the role of military identity and satisfaction with the military service in responsibility formation of cadets, identify their direct and indirect effects. The study involved 265 cadets of the Military Institute of the Russian Guard of the Russian Federation. Methods. We used the Kuhn-MacPartland “Who Am I?” technique for assessing the social and role-based military identity, the author’s technique aimed at assessing personal military identity and responsible attitude to military service activities, and a modified version of “The level of social frustration” technique by L. I. Wasserman. To determine the degree of value areas, we used the technique of S. Schwartz. Data processing was carried out using the IBM SPSS Statistics and PS IMAGO PRO programs, including a modeling tool based on SEM, AMOS-25. We established the interconnections between general and personal responsibility and the social role-based and personal identity of cadets, as well as the values of preservation and self-determination of the social focus and the values of openness to changes in the personal focus. Using the structural modeling method, we revealed the direct and indirect effects of age, social role-based and personal military identity, satisfaction with the military service, and preservation values of personal, institutional and collective responsibility and internality. With these variables, the model explains up to 33% of variations in personal responsibility, 16% of internality and 24% of variations in personal military identity.


1. Miklyaeva A. V., Rumyanceva P. V. Social’naya identichnost’ lichnosti: soderzhanie, struktura, mehanizmy formirovanija [Social identity of the individual: content, structure, mechanisms of formation]. St. Petersburg, Izdvo RGPU, 2008. 118 p. (in Russian).
2. Andreeva G. M. Psihologiya social’nogo poznaniya [Psychology of social cognition]. Moscow, Aspekt Press, 2009. 305 p. (in Russian).
3. Sushkov I. R. Social’no-psihologicheskayja teoriya Dzh. Ternera [Social and psychological theory of J. Turner]. Available at: (accessed 11 October 2019).
4. Ivanova N. L. Social identity in various socio-cultural conditions. Voprosy Psihologii [Voprosy Psihologii], 2004, no. 4, pp. 65‒76 (in Russian).
5. Shneyder L. B. Professional’naya identichnost’: teoriya, eksperiment, trening [Professional identity: theory, experiment, training]. Moscow, Izd-vo MGSU, Voronezh, Izd-vo “NPO MODEK”, 2004. 599 p. (in Russian).
6. Shamionov R. M., Nikitenko P. D. Parity of Identity and Representation about the World in the Course of Professional Socialization of Cadets of Military High School. Academic Articles of Pedagogical Institute. Ser. Psychology. Pedagogics, 2008, no. 3‒4, pp. 48‒54 (in Russian).
7. Sozonnik A.V. Formation of professional identity of the cadet’s personality at different stages of professional socialization. Psihopedagogika v pravoohranitel’nyh organah [Psychopedagogics in Law Enforcement Agencies], 2016, no. 1 (64), pp. 12‒17 (in Russian).
8. Boltykov O. V. Didactic Principles of Forming Civil Identity of Cadets of the Military High School. Aktual’nye problemy fi zicheskoy i special’noy podgotovki silovyh struktur [Current Problems of Physical and Special Training of Power Structures], 2016, no. 3, pp. 12‒15 (in Russian).
9. Solodnikova I.V. Social’naya identichnost’ i zhiznennyi put’ lichnosti [Social identity and life path of the person]. Moscow, Institut molodezhi, 1993. 116 p. (in Russian).
10. Jadov V. A. Social’nye i social’no-psihologicheskie mehanizmy formirovaniya identichnosti lichnosti [Social and socio-psychological mechanisms of personality identity formation]. Univerce of Russia. Sociology. Ethnology, 1995, vol. 4, no. 3‒4, pp. 158‒181 (in Russian).
11. Erikson E. Identichnost’: uynost’ i krizis [Identity: the youth and crisis]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1996. 344 p. (in Russian).
12. Nekrasov A. S. Razvitie professional’noy identichnosti lichnosti kursanta voennogo uchilishha [Development of professional identity of a cadet of a military school]. Diss. Cand. Sci. (Psyhol.). Krasnodar, 2005. 158 p. (in Russian).
13. Ivanova N. L., Rumyantseva T.V. Social’naya identichnost’: teoriya i praktika [Social identity: theory and practice]. Moscow, Izd-vo SGU, 2009. 453 p. (in Russian).
14. Shamionov R. M. Socialization and Re-Socialization of Person: Standard and Processual. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.). Ser. Educational Aсmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2012, vol, 1. iss. 4, pp. 3‒8 (in Russian).
15. Sozonnik A. V. Characteristics of the Person and Overcoming Behavior in the Conditions of MilitaryProfessional Socialization. Vektor nauki Tol’yattinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pedagogika, psihologiya [Vector of Science of Togliatti State University. Series: Pedagogy, Psychology], 2011, no. 4, pp. 260‒ 263 (in Russian).
16. Abulhanova-Slavskaya K. A. Strategiya zhizni [Strategy of life]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1991. 299 p. (in Russian).
17. Abulhanova-Slavskaya K. A. Tipologiya lichnosti i gumanisticheskiy podkhod [Typology of personality and humanistic approach]. In: Gumanisticheskie problemy psikhologicheskoy teorii [Humanistic problems of psychological theory]. Ed. by K. A. Abulhanova-Slavskaya. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1995. 214 p. (in Russian).
18. Kurenkov I. A. Psikhologiya otvetstvennosti [Psychology of Responsibility]. Balashov, BGPI, 2002. 60 p. (in Russian).
19. Muzdybaev K. Psihologiya otvetstvennosti [Psychology of Responsibility]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1983. 240 p. (in Russian).
20. Sorokin A. I. Dynamics of responsible attitude to service activities of cadets in the process of military-professional socialization. Psihologiya i psihotehnika [Psychology and Psychotechnics], 2019, no. 1 (108), pp. 79‒88 (in Russian).
21. Semenenko N. N. Stanovlenie professional’noy otvetstvennosti u kursantov voennyh uchilishh Suhoputnyh voysk [Formation of Professional Responsibility Among Cadets of Military Schools of the Land Forces]. Diss. Cand. Sci. (Psyhol.). Moscow, 1998. 225 p. (in Russian).
22. Nalchadzhyan A. A. Atributsiya, dissonans i sotsial’noe poznanie [Attribution, Dissonance and Social Cognition]. Moscow, Kogito-Tsentr Publ., 2006. 415 p. (in Russian).

Full text (in Russian):
(downloads: 32)
Short text (in English):
(downloads: 13)