Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology

Izvestiya of Saratov University.

ISSN 2304-9790 (Print)
ISSN 2541-9013 (Online)

For citation:

Akbarova A. A. Empirical Types of Social Maturity in Young People. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2020, vol. 9, iss. 3, pp. 272-280. DOI: 10.18500/2304-9790-2020-9-3-272-280

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 118)
Article type: 

Empirical Types of Social Maturity in Young People

Akbarova Anastasia A., Institute of Psychology RAS

The paper presents the results of an empirical study aimed at the identification of empirical types of social maturity in young people; its relevance is due to the lack of typology of social maturity in modern socio-psychological literature. The study was performed on a sample of young people aged 18 to 30 years old (347 people, including 178 women and 169 men). We assumed that there are various empirical types of social maturity in young people depending on the evaluation of actualized personal and social resources, the orientation of social experiences, value orientations, and behavioral activity. We used methods based on the comprehensive program developed by A. B. Kupreichenko and A. L. Zhuravlev, as well as L. M. Smirnov’s method “Basic Values and Disvalues of Russians”. The aim of this study was to distinguish the main types of social maturity from an integrative position, reflecting the view of this phenomenon as a compound, including not only socially oriented, but also individual psychological components. It is shown that the systematic approach to the study of social maturity allows us to present this phenomenon as a unified socio-psychological construct. The following components are distinguished as components of social maturity analyzed in the study: cognitive, value, emotional and conative ones. Five empirical types of social maturity were found: “ascetic”, “ambitious”, “not actualized”, “asocial”, “socially mature”. The distinguished types of social maturity are differentiated according to the grounds of the social maturity components. In the future, these types can also become the basis for creating methodological tools that diagnose parameters distinguishing subjects with different manifestation and orientation of the social maturity phenomenon.

  1. Aleksandrova G. G. Psychological criteria for social maturity of a personality a present day Russian society. Uchenye Zapiski Kazanskogo Universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye Nauki, 2007, vol. 149, no. 1, pp. 34–45 (in Russian).
  2. Glavatskikh M. M. Research of a sociо-psychological maturity of the personality. Vestnik of the Orenburg State University, 2015, no. 7, pp. 94–97 (in Russian).
  3. Soldatchenko A. L. Description of personal social maturity from the point of interactive approach. Bulletin of the South Ural State University. Series “Education, Educational and Sciences”, 2012, no. 14 (273), pp. 80–85 (in Russian).
  4. Gorbunova O. V. The relationship of students’ social maturity with the socio-psychological type of personality. Innovatsionnye tekhnologii v nauke i obrazovanii [Innovative Technologies in Science and Education], 2015, no. 3, pp. 152–154 (in Russian).
  5. Zhuravlev A. L. “Socio-psychological maturity”: problem statement. Psychological Journal, 2007, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 44–54 (in Russian).
  6. Kolesnikov V. A. Civil patriotism and civil political culture in modern Russia. Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Science, Culturology and Study of Art. Issues of Theory and Practice, 2013, no. 3, pt. 1, pp. 84–90 (in Russian).
  7. Andersson M. A. An odd ladder to climb: socioeconomic differences across levels of subjective social status. Social Indicators Research, 2018, vol. 136, iss. 2, pp. 621–643. DOI:
  8. Callan M. J., Kim H., Gheorghiu A. I., Matthews W. J. The Interrelations Between Social Class, Personal Relative Deprivation, and Prosociality. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2017, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 660–669. DOI:
  9. Lee D. S., Ybarra O., Gonzalez R., Ellsworth Ph. I-Through-We: How supportive social relationship facilitate personal growth. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2017, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 37–48. DOI:
  10. Myasishchev V. N. Psikhologiya otnosheniy [Psychology of Relationships]. Moscow, MPSI, 2005. 158 p. (in Russian).
  11. Pozniakov V. P. Psychological attitudes of the subjects of joint activity. Knowledge. Understanding. Skill, 2013, no. 1, pp. 167–174 (in Russian).
  12. Kameneva E. G. The development of social maturity of students in a pedagogical university. Vestnik of the Orenburg State University, 2004, no. 9, pp. 72–76 (in Russian).
  13. Tsaregorodtsev S. N. Social competencies as the basis of social maturity in modern society. Duhovnaya sfera obschestva [The Spiritual Sphere of Society], 2014, no. 11, pp. 153–156 (in Russian).
  14. Pozniakov V. P. The concept of psychological relations of man: spatial and temporal aspects. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie [Knowledge. Understanding. Skill], 2015, no. 3, pp. 228–237 (in Russian).
  15. Kupchenko V. E., Plekhova N. I. Features of life strategies of individuals with different social status in middle adulthood. Herald of Omsk University. Series “Psychology”, 2013, no. 1, pp. 27–33 (in Russian).
  16. Antonova N. V., Belyakov A. A. Economic Identity and Vocational Self-Identifi cation of Personality. Actual Problems of Psychological Knowledge, 2012, no. 4 (25), pp. 7–18 (in Russian).
  17. Edikhanova Yu. M., Prosekova E. N. Phenomenology of the category of “attitude” in the works of domestic and foreign scientists. Uspekhi sovremennoy nauki i obrazovaniya [Successes of Modern Science and Education], 2016, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 28–31 (in Russian).
  18. Shamionov R. M. Psychological characteristics of a personality’s social activity. The World of Psychology, 2012, no. 3 (71), pp. 145–154 (in Russian).
  19. Orlova V. V. Social maturity of youth: socio-psychological aspect. Mezhdunarodnyy zhurnal prikladnykh i fundamental’nykh issledovaniy [International Journal of Applied and Fundamental Research], 2009, no. 5, pp. 124–125 (in Russian).
  20. Zhuravlev A. L., Kupreichenko A. B. Economic selfdetermination of youth: structure and determination. Vestnik prakticheskoy psikhologii obrazovaniya [Bulletin of the Practical Psychology of Education], 2007, no. 1, pp. 50–55 (in Russian).
  21. Smirnov L. M. The basic values and antiqualities of modern Russians. In: A. V. Ryabov, E. Sh. Kurbangaleeva, eds. Bazovye tsennosti rossiyan: Sotsialnye ustanovki. Zhiznennye strategii. Simvoly. Mify [Basic values of Russians: Social attitude. Life strategy. Symbols. Myths]. Moscow, Dom intellektual'noy knigi Publ., 2003, 448 p. (in Russian).