Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology

Izvestiya of Saratov University.

ISSN 2304-9790 (Print)
ISSN 2541-9013 (Online)

For citation:

Golovanova N. F., Dermanova I. B. Self-Realization and Satisfaction with Life in Adolescents: Psychological and Pedagogical Aspects. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2018, vol. 7, iss. 3, pp. 278-286. DOI: 10.18500/2304-9790-2018-7-3-278-286

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Self-Realization and Satisfaction with Life in Adolescents: Psychological and Pedagogical Aspects

Golovanova Nadezhda F., Saint Petersburg University
Dermanova Irina B., Saint Petersburg University

Modern educational practice has no clear scientific understanding regarding the specifics of self-realization of adolescents in connection with their satisfaction with life. Analysis of the concept of “selfrealization” in modern psychological discourse has revealed three well-represented in scientific literature ways of self-realization: selfexpression, self-realization and self-transcendence. It is shown that methods of self-realization can be correlated with different vectors of its orientation. In extreme cases these are an “egocentric” vector of self-fulfillment and a vector of “selfless service”. The purpose of the study was to reveal the correlation of various ways of self-realization and the vector of its orientation with indicators of satisfaction with life. The hypothesis of the study was that adolescents demonstrate all three ways of self-realization, which are closely and positively related to characteristics of satisfaction and psychological well-being in general, preferences in the choice of characteristics of self-realization combined with indicators of life satisfaction form specific symptomcomplexes characterizing different ways of a person’s making in adolescence. Based on the results of the study, it was discovered that adolescents have all three modes of self-realization, but they attach the greatest importance to self-realization, which occupies the central position in the structure of satisfaction indicators. Specific symptom complexes of the parameters under study were revealed. It is shown that about 50% of the explained dispersion is represented by factors with pronounced self-realization characteristics, but only one of them (about 25%) can be characterized as a constructive and socially-oriented variant of self-realization. Other factors (with a total weight of about 25%) describe different options for avoiding it or the lack of formed internal need for self-realization. Pedagogical support for self-realization of modern adolescents should be built taking into account the value-semantic construct of national education, and provide for the child-adult community.


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