Cite this article as:

Tolochek V. A. Professional Career: Linear-Stadial and Stadial-Procedural Approaches. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2019, vol. 8, iss. 2, pp. 120-131. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2019-8-2-120-131


UDC: 
159.9
Language: 
Russian

Professional Career: Linear-Stadial and Stadial-Procedural Approaches

Abstract: 

The aim of the research presented in the article: historical and theoretical analysis of the scientific concepts of human development periodization (as a subject of activity, as a personality). The paper describes the phenomenon of “professional career”, the complexity of its full and adequate scientific explication and analyses the well-known concepts of human development periodization (S. Freud, P. P. Blonsky, L. S. Vygotsky, R. Kegan, J. Piaget, C. Buhler, E. Erikson) and the concepts of human development periodization as a subject of labour (D. Super, E. A. Klimov, V. A. Bodrov, Y. P. Povarenkov, R. Heyvigherst etc.). The author points out the relationships between the society evolution, social objects, a scientific discipline and scientists’ professional world view. He highlights the advantages and limitations of the analyzed concepts whose formal and methodological characteristics are linear-stadial. It is stated that: new conditions of social reality should be adequately reflected in scientific concepts; the concepts should acquire methodological means that allow to fix and adequately reflect rapid processes, spontaneous processes, periodic and situational changes of dominant factors. Approaches to understanding the periodization of development should be differentiated and the specific features of the social environment of a person’s professional evolution should be taken into account., the dynamics of the age evolution of his/her biological and mental functions and systems (periods of monotonous development, extinction, rearrangements), the effects of his/her activity as a subject of life activity.

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