Cite this article as:

Гарбер И. Е., Шаров А. А. Three Definitions and Three Approaches to Study of Collaboration: in the Social, Organizational and Pedagogical Psychology. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2018, vol. 7, iss. 3, pp. 238-?. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2018-7-3-238-244


Three Definitions and Three Approaches to Study of Collaboration: in the Social, Organizational and Pedagogical Psychology

Abstract: 

The causes for the relatively small exploring of the phenomenon of collaboration in comparison with the conflict are considered. An alternative approach to collaboration in terms of post-non-classical psychology (correspondence, selectivity, reciprocity) is suggested. Critical analysis of daily and philosophical representations of collaboration is carried out. Based on the APA Dictionary of Psychology, three different working definitions of collaboration for social, organizational and pedagogical psychology are given. The specific features of the use of the term "collaboration" are discussed on the examples of concrete socio-psychological, organizationalpsychological and pedagogical-psychological studies, and not on the abstract-theoretical level. For the analysis were selected modern, mostly Western studies, differing in methodology from the Soviet theory of the collective and mutual activity. For social psychology, the experimental approach to the study of collaboration in natural (the Ringelmann and Këhler effects) and laboratory (game theory) conditions was characteristic. Organizational psychology is characterized by a clear conceptualization of collaboration; the division of the terms "cooperation", "coordination" and "collaboration"; attention to the diagnosis, measurement and evaluation of collaboration. For pedagogical psychology, collaboration provides a resource to overcome stratification and differentiation according to the real, rather than formal, level of education.

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