Cite this article as:

Кудинов С. С., Кудинов С. И., Хаммад С. М. Hardiness as a Predictor of Self-Realization in Difficult Life Situations. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2017, vol. , iss. 3, pp. 229-?. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2017-6-3-229-238


Hardiness as a Predictor of Self-Realization in Difficult Life Situations

Abstract: 

The article presents the results of a study which conclusively prove a correlation between self-realization and the individual’s hardiness. It is shown that under certain conditions (in difficult life situations) hardiness as a property of the personality is a predictor of self-fulfillment of the subjects of activity. The article outlines modern trends in research of self-realization in the context of the system paradigm. It further identifies main individual and personal determinants of the manifestation of personal self-realization. The methodological basis of this study was S. I. Kudinov’s polysystemic concept of personality self-realization, provisions of D. A. Leontev’s theory of personality potential, developed within the framework of positive psychology, the theory of Suzanne C. Kobasa and Salvatore Maddi, which interprets hardiness as a personal characteristic that is a common measure of a person’s mental health and reflects three dispositions: commitment, control, and challenge. The purpose of the study presented in this article is to study selfrealization of Palestinian refugees living in difficult life situations with different indicators of hardiness. At the first stage, dominant hardiness dispositions were identified (according to Sidak). There was established a distinction between the hardiness dispositions of “commitment” and “control” in favor of commitment and between the dispositions of “control” and “challenge” in favor of challenge. Using cluster analysis, the study identified types of manifestation of this quality: with a high value of hardiness (active commitment-challenge type of hardiness) and with a low value of hardiness (passive challenge-commitment type of hardiness). The next step describes the specifics of self-realization in representatives with different types of hardiness. Using correlation and factor analysis, the study revealed the psychological structure of selfrealization in the studied groups. It was established that representatives of the active commitment-challenge type of hardiness tend to have a transformational behavioral strategy that ensures the achievement of positive results in manifestations of self-realization. Respondents with the passive challenge-commitment type of hardiness demonstrate an adaptive behavioral strategy in various spheres of life, in the process of self-realization. The article concludes with a conclusion about the role of hardiness as the key condition determining the success of a person’s self-realization in difficult life situations.

References

1. Hammad S. M., Afifi R., Nakkash R., El Hajj T., Mahfoud Z., Hammad S., Makhoul J., Abdulrahim S., Kanj M., Haddad P. Qaderoon youth mental health promotion programme in the Burj El Barajneh Palestinian refugee camp, Beirut, Lebanon: a community-intervention analysis. Available at: http://www.thelancet.com/pb/assets/ raw/Lancet/abstracts/Palestine /S0140 673610608471.pdf (accessed 22 Jule 2017).

2. Children of Palestine: Experiencing Forced Migration in the Middle East. Ed. by D. Chatty, G. L. Hundt. Oxford, 2005. 256 p.

3. Afifi R., Nakkash R.,, El Hajj T., Mahfoud Z., Hammad S., Makhoul J., Abdulrahim S., Kanj M., Haddad P. Quaderoon youth mental health promotion program in the Burj El Barajneh Palestinian refugee camp. Beirut, Lebanon: a community-intervention analysis. Available at: /http:// www.thelancet.com/pb/assets/raw/Lancet/abstracts/palestine/S014067361060... (accessed 11 March 2016).

4. Avdeev N. P., Kudinov S. S., Arkhipochkina K. V. Individual’no-tipologicheskaya kharakteristika samorealizatsii lichnosti (Individual-typological characteristic of personality’s self-realization). Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Ser. Psikhologiya i pedagogika (PFUR Bulletin, ser. Pedagogic and psychology). 2012, no. 4, pp. 85–91 (in Russian).

5. Aybazova S. R. Sub”ektnaya determinatsiya samorealizatsii lichnosti (Subject determination of personality’s self-realization). Akmeologiya (Acmeology), 2015, no. 2 (54), pp. 90–98 (in Russian).

6. Arkhipochkina K. V., Kudinov S. I. Temperamental’nye predposylki samorealizatsii lichnosti (Temperamental pre-conditions of personality’s self-realization). Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Psikhologiya i pedagogika (PFUR Bulletin, ser. Pedagogic and psychology), 2015, no. 1, pp. 23–29 (in Russian).

7. Galazhinskiy E. V. Sistemnaya determinatsiya samorealizatsii lichnosti: dis. … d-ra psikhol. nauk (System determination of personality’s self-realization. Diss. … doct. of psychology). Tomsk, 2002. 320 p. (in Russian).

8. Kostakova I. V. Obshchitel’nost’ kak uslovie samorealizatsii lichnosti studentov-psikhologov (Sociability as condition of personality’s self-realization by studentspsychologists). Sibirskiy pedagogicheskiy zhurnal (The Siberian Pedagogical Journal), 2007, no. 11, pp. 344–351 (in Russian).

9. Kudinov S. I., Hammad S. M. Psichologicheskaya uastoychivost’ lichnosti kak osnova samorealizatsii sub''ekta (Psychological resilense of personality as a basis of subject’s self-realization). Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Psikhologiya i pedagogika (PFUR Bulletin, ser. Pedagogic and psychology), 2015, no. 1, pp. 26–30 (in Russian).

10. Denisova E. A. Gendernye osobennosti samorealizatsii lichnosti studentov: dis. … kand. psikhol. nauk (Gender features of students’ self-realization of personality: Diss. … cand. of psychology). Moscow, 2010. 236 p. (in Russian).

11. Chzhan T., Chzhan P. Kh. Polovye razlichiya samorealizatsii lichnosti kitayskikh studentov (Sexual differentiations of personality’s self-realization by Chinese students). Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Ser. Psikhologiya i pedagogika (PFUR Bulletin, ser. Pedagogic and psychology), 2013, no. 2, pp. 20–26 (in Russian).

12. Chzhan T. Sravnitel’naya kharakteristika pokazateley samorealizatsii u kitayskikh muzhchin i zhenshchin (Comparative characteristic of self-realization markers by Chinese men and women). Akmeologiya (Acmeology), 2013, no. 4 (48), pp. 122–126 (in Russian).

13. Kulagina I. V. Issledovanie vliyaniya tvorcheskoy samorealizatsii na sotsial’no-psikhologicheskuyu adaptatsiyu studentov (Investigation of impact of creative self-realization on students’ social-psychological adaptation). Sibirskiy pedagogicheskiy zhurnal (The Siberian Pedagogical Journal), 2010, no. 2, pp. 313–320 (in Russian).

14. Leont’ev D. A. Psikhologiya smysla: priroda, stroenie i dinamika smyslovoy real’nosti (Psychology of sense: Nature, structure and dynamics of semantic reality). Moscow, 1999. 487 p. (in Russian).

15. Kudinov S. I. Polisistemis mechanism of personality self. Actualization to the international psychology Bulletin: electronic ed. 2011, pp. 6–7. Available at: http//www. Itopwebsite. Com/morelp/indigenous_ Psychologies. html (accessed 11 March 2016).

16. Mikhailova O. V., Kudinov S. I., Marin Jerez K. G. ValueMotivational Characteristics of Innovativeness Prospects for Successful Self-Fulfi llment. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 2015, vol. 6, iss. 3. P. 2.

17. Kudinov S. I. Polisistemnyy podkhod issledovaniya samorealizatsii lichnosti (Poly-system approach of researching of personality’s self-realization). Sibirskiy pedagogicheskiy zhurnal (The Siberian Pedagogical Journal), 2007, no. 11, pp. 337–346 (in Russian).

18. Kobasa S. C., Maddi S. R., Kahn S. Hardiness and health: A prospective study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1982, no. 6, pp. 41–51.

19. Maddi S. R. The personality construct of hardiness: Effects on experiencing, coping, and strain. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 1999, no. 51, pp. 83–94.

Full text (in Russian):
(downloads: 60)
Short text (in English):
(downloads: 47)