Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology

Izvestiya of Saratov University.

ISSN 2304-9790 (Print)
ISSN 2541-9013 (Online)


For citation:

Malyshev I. V., Romasheva Z. Z. Connection between basic values and emigration attitudes of Russian youth. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2021, vol. 10, iss. 4, pp. 323-333. DOI: 10.18500/2304-9790-2021-10-4-323-333

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 122)
Полный текст в формате PDF(En):
(downloads: 67)
Language: 
Russian
Article type: 
Article
UDC: 
159.9

Connection between basic values and emigration attitudes of Russian youth

Autors: 
Malyshev Ivan V., Saratov State University
Romasheva Zhanagul Zh., Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University
Abstract: 

The ambiguity and inconsistency of the data on the connection between emigration attitudes and metavalues spurs the research on the relation between emigration attitudes and basic values. Hence, the problem of studying the deterministic character of youth attitudes to emigration is seen as of relevance. The purpose of this research is to determine the nature of the connection between basic values and emigration attitudes. Hypotheses: 1. The basic values that make up metavalues act as the predictors of emigration attitudes. 2. The basic values constituting the contrastive metavalues of Preservation and Openness to Change are simultaneously connected with emigration attitudes, and the nature of their connections is different. 3. The basic values constituting the metavalue of Self-Affirmation have a positive correlation with emigration attitudes. The study is carried out on a sample of respondents (N = 646) aged 17 to 35, including 78% (504) of women. The research applies the “Scales of Migration Attitudes” (S. A. Kuznetsova, I. Yu. Kuznetsov, A. V. Feshchenko) modified to study emigration attitudes. The study also uses PVQ-21–ESS7 versions of the questionnaire measuring individual values (Sh. Schwartz) which enables to document the degree of expression of values. Finally, the research makes use of the method of multiple linear regression analysis. The results show that the attitude of the subject is the most pronounced one among all other components of emigration attitudes (the attitude of the loved ones, the expectations of the loved ones). Basic values have a major impact on the revealed connections between emigration attitudes and metavalues. For example, the values of tradition and security have a negative correlation with the metavalue of Preservation. The values of stimulation have a positive correlation with the metavalue of Openness to Change. The values of power have a positive correlation with the metavalue of Self-Affirmation. Evidently, young adults are more likely to plan to emigrate due to their personal attitudes and motives rather than to those of their close environment. Attitudes towards emigration are expressed by those young adults who: 1) are less focused on traditions and customs but appreciate security; 2) strive to enrich their lives with new sensations and emotions; 3) appreciate material well-being. The results of the study reveal the factors contributing to the emergence of attitudes to emigration in young adults. The results of the study can be used to predict international mobility of young adults. Additionally, they are of importance for the psychological work with potential emigrants.

Acknowledgments: 
The authors express their gratitude to their colleagues for their help in collecting data in the Russian regions, namely to Associate Professor E. M. Gromova (Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University named after I. N. Ulyanov), Professor R. I. Zinurova (Kazan National Research Technological University), Associate Professor Yu.V. Lebedeva (Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin), Associate Professor L. V. Namrueva (Kalmyk Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences), Associate Professor A. I. Troyanskaya (Kalashnikov Izhevsk State Technical University), Associate Professor O. R. Tuchina (Kuban State Technological University), Associate Professor S. V. Frolova (Saratov State University).
Reference: 
  1. Manchin M., Orazbayev S. Social networks and the intention to migrate. World Development. Elsevier, 2018, vol. 109, iss. C, pp. 360–374. DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.05.011 
  2. Migali S., Scipioni M. Who’s About to Leave? A Global Survey of Aspirations and Intentions to Migrate. International Migration, 2019, vol. 57, iss. 5, pp. 181–200. DOI: 10.1111/imig.12617 
  3. Abdelwahed A., Goujon A., Jiang L. The Migration Intentions of Young Egyptians. Sustainability, 2020, vol. 12, iss. 23, pp. 1–38. DOI: 10.3390/su12239803 
  4. Murashchenkova N. V. Interrelation of Values and Emigration Intentions of Student’s Youth of Smolensk. Social Psychology and Society, 2021, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 77–93 (in Russian). DOI: 10.17759/sps. 2021120106 
  5. McAuliffe M., Khadria V. World Migration Report 2020. Migration and migrants: A global overview. In: International Organization for Migration. Geneva, 2020, pp. 498.
  6. Migratsiya Rosstat: ofi tsialnyi prirost i ubylʼ naseleniya / Federalnaya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki. 2020 (Migration Rosstat: offi cial growth and decline of the population / Federal State Statistics Service. 2020). Available at: https://rosinfostat.ru/migratsia/#:~:text=Accordingto%20data%20federal%2... count%20and%20the labor (accessed 30 April 2021) (in Russian). 
  7. VTsIOM: kazhdyi shestoy rossiyanin khochet emigrirovatʼ / Vserossiyskiy tsentr izucheniya obshchestvennogo mneniya. 2020 (A-RCSPO: every sixth Russian wants to emigrate / All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion. 2020). Available at: https://www.znak.com/2020-0908/vciom_kazhdyy_shestoy_rossiyanin_hochet_e... (accessed 23 April 2021) (in Russian). 
  8. Carling J. Measuring migration aspirations and related concepts. In: Mignex Background Paper, 2019. Available at: http://www.mignex.org/d023 (accessed 23 April 2021) 
  9. Rybakovskiy L. L. K utochneniyu ponyatiya «migraciya naseleniya» (To clarify the concept of “population migration”). Sociological Studies (Socis), 2016, no. 12, pp.78–83 (in Russian)
  10. Kuznetsova S. A. Time Prospects and Migratory Attitudes of Magadan Students at Different Stages of Education. RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics, 2018, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 67–78 (in Russian). DOI: 10.22363/2313-1683-2018-15-1-67-78 
  11. Kuznetsova S. A., Kuznetsov I. Yu., Feshchenko A. V. Working Out Migratory Attitudes Scale of Personality. RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics, 2014, no. 1. pp. 83–90 (in Russian).
  12. Kuznetsova S. A. Infl uence of parents on migratory educational intentions of senior pupils. European Social Science Journal, 2017, no. 5, pp. 529–537 (in Russian). 
  13. Dzhanashia A. Z. Basic approaches to the defi nition of intention in modern psychological research. Bulletin of the MDU named after A. A. Kulyashov, 2018, no. 1 (51), pp. 70–77 (in Russian). 
  14. Fishbein M., Ajzen I. Predicting and changing behavior: The reasoned action approach. New York, Psychology Press, 2010. 180 p. 
  15. Lyanov I. M., Vereshchagina M. V. Motives and motivational attitudes of emigration of citizens from Russia. Educational bulletin «Consciousness», 2021, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 24–30 (in Russian). DOI: 10.26787/nydha2686-6846-2021-23-1-24-30 
  16. Yijälä A., Jasinskaja-Lahti I. Pre-migration acculturation attitudes among potential ethnic migrants from Russia to Finland. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2010, vol. 34, iss. 4, pp. 326–339. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2009.09.002 
  17. Fouarge D., Özer M. N., Seegers P. Personality traits, migration intentions, and cultural distance. IZA DP, 2019, no. 12444, pp. 1–38. 
  18. Van Dalen H. P., Henkens K. Explaining emigration intentions and behaviour in the Netherlands, 2005–2010. Population Studies: A Journal of Demography, 2013, vol. 67, iss. 2, pp. 225–241. DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2012.725135
  19. Liu Y., Pan Z. L., Liu Y. Q., Chen H. S., Li Z. G. Where your heart belongs to shapes how you feel about yourself: Migration, social comparison and subjective well-being in China. Population Space and Place, 2020, vol. 26, iss. 7. DOI: 10.1002/psp.2336 
  20. Schiele M. Life satisfaction and return migration: analysing the role of life satisfaction for migrant return intentions in Germany. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2021, vol. 47, iss. 1, pp. 110–129. DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2020.1763786 
  21. Akanle O., Fayehun O. A., Adejare G. S., Orobome O. A. International Migration, Kinship Networks and Social Capital in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Borderlands Studies, 2021, vol. 36, iss. 2, pp. 319–332. DOI: 10.1080/08865655.2019.1619475 
  22. Tutu R. A., Busingye J. D. Migration, Social Capital, and Health: Insights from Ghana and Uganda. In: Global Perspectives on Health Geography. Springer, Cham, 2020, pp. 23–28. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-24693-8_2 
  23. Chuvashov S. V. Socio-Psychological Capital as a Factor of Emigration Intentions in Youth. Psychology. The Journal of the Higher School of Economics, 2014, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 169–177 (in Russian). 
  24. Iqbal K., Wang Y. C., Khurshaid K., Haroon Shah M., Sohaib M. Current Trend and Determinants of Intentions to Migrate: Evidence From China. SAGE Open, 2021, vol. 11, iss. 1. DOI: 10.1177/21582440211001371 
  25. Tartakovsky E., Schwartz Sh. H. Motivation for emigration, values, wellbeing, and identifi cation among young Russian Jews. International Journal of Psychology, 2001, vol. 36, iss. 2, pp. 88–99. DOI: 10.1080/00207590042000100 
  26. Tartakovsky E., Patrakov E., Nikulina M. Factors affecting emigration intentions in the diaspora population: The case of Russian Jews. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2017, vol. 59, iss. 1, pp. 53–67. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2017.05.002 
  27. Schwartz Sh. H., Bilsky W. Toward a Theory of the Universal Content and Structure of Values: Extensions and Cross-Cultural Replications. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1990, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 878–891. DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.58.5.878 
  28. Schwartz Sh. H. Les valeurs de base de la personne: thѐorie, mesures et applications [Basic human values: theory, measurement, and applications]. Revue française de sociologie, 2006, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 249–288. DOI: 10.3917/rfs.474.0929 
  29. Schwartz Sh. H., Cieciuc J., Vecchione M., Davidov E., Ficher R., Beierlin C., Ramos A., Verkasalo M., Lὅnnqvist G. E., Demirutku K., Dirilen-Gumus O., Konty M. Refi ning the theory of basic individual values. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012, vol. 103, no. 4, pp. 663–688. DOI: 10.1037/a0029393 
  30. Titov A. S., Lepshokova Z. H. Individual values of entrepreneurs as predictors of their planned charitable behavior. Organizational Psychology, 2020, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 140–163 (in Russian). 
  31. Skimina E., Cieciuch J., Strus W. Traits and values as predictors of the frequency of everyday behavior: Comparison between models and levels. Current Psychology, 2021, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 133–153. DOI: 10.1007/s12144-018-9892-9
  32. Ahmad W., Kim W. G., Anwer Z., Zhuang W. Q. Schwartz personal values, theory of planned behavior and environmental consciousness: How tourists’ visiting intentions towards eco-friendly destinations are shaped? Journal of Business Research, 2020, vol. 110, pp. 228–236. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.01. 040 
  33. Leong C.-H. The socio-psychological profi le of prospective emigrants: Singaporeans leaving Singapore. In: Tartakovsky E., ed. Immigration: Policies, challenges, and impact. Hauppauge, New York, Nova Science Publishers, 2013, pp. 29–49. 
  34. Magun V., Rudnev M. Life Values of the Russian Population: Similarities and Differences in Comparison to other European Countries. The Russian Public Opinion Herald. Data. Analysis. Discussions, 2008, no. 1, pp. 33–58 (in Russian). 
  35. Gritsenko V. V., Murashchenkova N. V., Efremenkova M. N. Representation of the Motives of Emigration of Modern Russian Youth among Smolensk Students. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.). Ser. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2020, vol. 9, iss. 4 (36), pp. 358–366 (in Russian). DOI: 10.18500/2304-9790-2020-9-4-358-366 
  36. Gajdošova B., Orosova O. Selected psychological factors in relation to emigration intentions of voluntary permanent migration of university students. Československá Psychologie, 2019, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 249–264. 
  37. Korzh N. V. The main directions of the formation of patriotic consciousness of student youth: regional aspect. Vlastʼ [Power], 2021, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 123–130 (in Russian). DOI: doi.org/10.31171/vlast.v29i1.7925
  38. Selezneva E. V., Gallery I. Psychological portrait of mo dern youth: cultural-invariant characteristics. Bulletin of the Moscow State Regional University (electronic journal), 2019, no. 2, pp. 141–155. Available at: www.evestnik-mgou.ru (accessed 17 March 2021) (in Russian). 
  39. Choi K., Lebedeva N. M., Tatarko A. N. Comparative analysis of the relationship between values and socioeconomic representations of Korean and Russian students. Vestnik Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2017, no. 3, pp. 101–107 (in Russian). 
  40. Ryazantsev I. P., Podlesnaya M. A., Bogdan I. V. Universalism of Student Youth Values and the Development of Russian Society. Bulletin of the RUDN. Series: Sociology, 2021, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 97–109 (in Russian). DOI: 10.22363/2313-2272-2021-21-1-97-109 
  41. Fedotova V. A. Values and Attitudes towards Innovation among Different Generations of Russian People. Social Psychology and Society, 2016, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 82–92 (in Russian). DOI: 10.17759/sps.2016070206 
  42. Levickaya T. E., Trenkaeva N. A., Kozlova N. V., Bogomaz S. A., Tskhmeystruk E. A. Safety in the structure of values of young people living in an urban environment. Social Psychology and Law, 2018, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 20–33 (in Russian). DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2018080403 
  43. Zinchenko Yu. P., Zotova O. Yu. An intent regarding possible emigration and personality security. National Psychological Journal, 2013, no. 2 (10), pp. 17–24 (in Russian). 
  44. Sekach M. F., Mostikov S. V. Risk readiness and psychological security as predicates of migration intentions. Human Capital, 2017, no. 1 (97), pp. 11–13 (in Russian).
Received: 
23.04.2021
Accepted: 
09.09.2021
Published: 
24.12.2021
Short text (in English):
(downloads: 66)