Cite this article as:

Знаменская И. И., Апанович В. В., Александров Ю. И. Attitudes Towards Out-Group Members: Ethnocultural Components and Socialization. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2018, vol. 7, iss. 2, pp. 164-?. DOI:

Attitudes Towards Out-Group Members: Ethnocultural Components and Socialization


The article presents the testing of the hypothesis that in the structure of individual experience, socialization as a form of adaptation to the environment is provided by more differentiated, late-formed systems, in comparison with ethno-cultural traditions and rules. The study involved 185 people, Russians and Kazakhs living on the same territory – in Saratov, Russia and Uralsk, Kazakhstan. They solved moral dilemmas based on the conflict between “us” and “them”, with whom there people have got: experience of everyday interaction (domestic animals), concepts of interaction and/or such experiences (wild animals), no experience of interaction (hypothetical living beings – aliens). On the one hand, it was found that people of one nationality give more similar answers to the dilemmas about dogs, which may be due to rules of interaction with them, prescribed by religion, i.e. ethnocultural traditions; on the other hand, people of different nationalities who were socialized in the same city, give similar, differentiated assessments of the hero’s actions when interacting with hypothetical subjects (aliens) and wild animals, which apparently supports the influence of socialization on the attitude towards these subjects. The data obtained partially support the hypothesis being tested.


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