Cite this article as:

Gusakovsky M. A. Upbringing Trends in Modern Conditions: from the “Collectivism” Discourse to the “Self-Care” Discourse. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2019, vol. 8, iss. 2, pp. 169-175. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2019-8-2-169-175


UDC: 
37
Language: 
Russian

Upbringing Trends in Modern Conditions: from the “Collectivism” Discourse to the “Self-Care” Discourse

Abstract: 

It is widely known that education is the unity of training and upbringing; it plays a crucial role in the formation of personality. At the same time, modern education with the prevailing natural science approach and pragmatic orientation loses one of its main components – formation of the value of the spiritual world of a person living in the material world. Among the problems updated by the current situation, the problem of reconsidering the interrelation of such phenomena as “individuality” and “collectivity” stands out. In this connection, it is necessary to critically examine and theoretically substantiate a new type of interrelation of the indicated phenomena of education. The aim of the research presented in the article is to identify new trends in upbringing, allowing to raise the issue of the essence of the concepts of «individualization» and «socialization» and to search for new approaches to upbringing in modern school. On the basis of the conducted philosophical and methodological analysis of socio-cultural situation and modern social and humanitarian practices, we propose a hypothesis that there is a change of trends of upbringing in modern education – the “collectivism” trend is replaced by the “individuation” trend. The research methods are based on the methods developed in modern philosophical and methodological and cultural humanitarian literature: discursive analysis, critical reflection, analysis of situations. A philosophical and cultural analysis was carried out and a distinction was made between two upbringing discourses – the “collectivism” discourse and the “self-care” discourse. The foundations, genesis and perspectives of the “self-care” practices developed by modern pedagogy are shown on the example of phenomenological pedagogy by M. J. Langeveld, N. Beets and pedagogics of “pedagogical support” by O. S. Gazman. We came to the conclusion that it is necessary to change some theoretical views and pragmatic sets of the modern pedagogical consciousness, which is completely dedicated to the problems of modern upbringing.

References

1. Levinas E. Total’nost’ i beskonechnoye [Totality and Endless]. Levinas E. Izbrannoye. Total’nost’ i besko nechnoye [Selected Writings. Totality and Endless]. Moscow, St. Petersburg. 2000. 416 p. (in Russian).
2. Khyosle V. Krizis individual’noy i kollektivnoy identichnosti [Crisis of Individual and Collective Identity]. Voprosy fi losofi i [Voprosy Philosophii], 1994, no. 10, pp. 112–123 (in Russian).
3. Sin’kevich O. B. Paradoksy personal’noy identichnosti: sovremennyy kontekst [Paradoxes of Personal Identity: Modern Context]. Filosofi ya i sotsial’nyye nauki [Philosophy and Social Sciences], 2014, no. 3, рp. 48–53 (in Russian).
4.  Novikova L. I. Pedagogika vospitaniya: izbr. ped. trudy [Pedagogy of Upbringing: Elected Pedagogical Papers].  Moscow, 2010. 335 p. (in Russian).
5. Blansho M. Neopisuyemoye soobshchestvo [Indescribable Community]. Moscow, 1998. 306 p. (in Russian).
6. Voropayeva T. S. Tselostnaya lichnost’ kak sub”yekt postsovetskikh transformatsiy [Comprehensive Personality as Subject of Post-Soviet Transformations]. Available at: http://gisap.eu/ru/node/138662.  (accessed: 29 January 2018) (in Russian).
7.  Lysak I. V. Osobennosti samoidentifi katsii cheloveka v usloviyakh sovremennogo obshchestva [Features of Person’s Self-Identifi cation in Conditions of Modern Society]. Gumanitarnyye i sotsial’no-ekonomicheskiye nauki [The Humanities and Social-Economic Sciences], 2008, no. 6, рр. 37–42 (in Russian).
8. Fuko M. Zabota o sebe [Self-Concern]. Kiev, Moscow, 1998. 281 p. (in Russian).
9. Fuko M. Vozvrashcheniye morali [Return of Moral]. Intellektualy i vlast’: Izbrannyye politicheskiye stat’i, vystupleniya i interv’yu [Intellectuals and Governance: Selected Politic Papers, Speeches and Interviews]. Part. 3. Moscow, 2006.  284 p. (in Russian).
10. Langefel’d M. Ya. Sekretnoye mesto v zhizni rebenka [Secret Place in Child’s Life]. Akadem. vestn. [Academic Bulletin], 2014, no. 2, рp. 45–50 (in Russian). 175
11. Krivtsova S.V. Fenomenologicheskaya pedagogika [Phenomenological Pedagogy]. Vestn. Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 20. Pedagogicheskoye obrazovaniye [The Moscow University Bulletin. Series 20. Pedagogical Education], 2014, no. 4, рp. 113–124 (in Russian).
12. Olport G. Stanovleniye: osnovnyye polozheniya psikhologii lichnosti [Establishing: Fundamental Principles of Psychology of Personality]. Stanovleniye lichnosti. Izbrannyye trudy [Personality Establishing: Elected Papers]. In: D. A. Leont’yev (Ed.). Moscow, 2002. 462 p.  (in Russian).
13. Lengle  A.  Person. Ekzistentsial’no-analiticheskaya teo riya lichnosti [Person. Existential-Analitic Theory of Personality]. The 4 th  edition (on-line). Moscow, 2005. 273 p. (in Russian).
14. Lengle A. Grandioznoye odinochestvo. Nartsissizm kak antropologichesko-ekzistentsial’nyy fenomen [Grand Solitude. Narcissism as Anthropological and Existential Phenomenon]. Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy], 2002, no. 2, рp. 34–59 (in Russian).
15. Gusakovskiy M. A. Sub”yektivatsiya kak fenomen obrazovaniya [Subjectifi cation as Educational Phenomenon]. Obrazovatel’nyye tekhnologii [Educational Technologies], 2008, no. 4, рp. 16–29 (in Russian).
16.  Gusakovskiy M. A. Sovremennyy diskurs vospitaniya v universitete: smena pravil igry [Modern Discourse of Upbringing at University: Change of Game Rules]. Obrazovatel’nyye tekhnologii [Educational Technologies],  2017, no. 2, рp. 30–42 (in Russian).
17. Gazman O. S. Bazovaya kul’tura i samoopredelenie lichnosti [Basic culture and self-identity]. Bazovaya kul’tura lichnosti: teoreticheskie i metodologicheskie problemy [Basic personality culture: theoretical and methodological problems]. In: O. S. Gazman (Ed.). Moscow, 1989. P. 6.
18.  Gazman O. S. Poteri i obreteniya. Vospitaniye v shkole posle desyati let perestroyki [Losses and Acquisitions. Upbringing at School after Ten Years of Perestroyka]. Pervoye sentyabrya [The 1 st  of September], no. 119, November 21 1995 (in Russian).
19. Mikhaylova N. N., Yusfi n S. M. Pedagogika podderzhki [Pedagogy of Support]. Moscow, 2001. 208 p. (in Russian).
20. Mikhaylova N. N., Yusfi n S. M., Aleksandrova E. A., Boyarintseva A. V. Pedagogicheskaya podderzhka rebenka v obrazovanii [Pedagogical Support of Child in Education]. Moscow, 2001. 208 p. (in Russian).
21. Polyakov S. D. Ot proshlogo k budushchemu: psikhologopedagogicheskiye ocherki o sotsiokul’turnom kontekste razvitiya otechestvennoy shkoly [From Past to Future: Psychological and Pedagogical Essays about Socio-Cultural Context of Development of Native School]. Moscow, 2016. 195 p. (in Russian).
22. Shustova  I. Yu.  Vospitaniye v detsko-vzrosloy obshchnosti. Monografi ya [Upbringing in Community of Children and Adults: monograph]. Moscow, 2018. 176 p. (in Russian).
23. Gazman O. S. Neklassicheskoye vospitaniye: ot avtoritarnoy pedagogiki k pedagogike svobody [Non-Classic Upbringing: from Authoritarian Pedagogy to Pedagogy of Liberty]. Moscow, 2002. 312 p. (in Russian).
24. Sotsial’noye partnerstvo: pedagogicheskaya podderzhka sub”yektov obrazovaniya. Materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf.  [Social Partnership: Pedagogical Supporting Subjects of education: Materials of International Scientifi c and Practical Conference]. In: N. N. Mikhaylova, I. Yu. Shustova (Eds.). Moscow, 2013. 405 p. (in Russian).
25. Kasitsina N. V., Mikhaylova N. N., Yusfi n S. M. Chetyre tekhniki pedagogiki podderzhki. Effektivnyye sposoby vzaimodeystviya uchitelya i uchenika [Four Technics of Supporting Pedagogy. Effective Ways of Interaction between Teacher and Pupil]. St. Petersburg, 2010. 158 p. (in Russian).

Full text (in Russian): 
Short text (in English):