Cite this article as:

Tolochek V. A. Terra incognita of vitality problem: Open issues. Part 1. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2021, vol. 10, iss. 2, pp. 108-117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2021-10-2-108-117


This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
UDC: 
159.9:316.6
Language: 
Russian

Terra incognita of vitality problem: Open issues. Part 1

Abstract: 

The increase of uncertainty, instability, complexity, ambiguity of the dynamics of the condition of social subjects are among the issues that make vitality problem topical. This results in higher standards for adaptation mechanisms of an individual and social groups (families, work groups, sports, management, project teams) and greater importance of socio-psychological and psychological resources of a person. Not all spontaneously formed adaptation mechanisms of individual and group subjects are adequate for real-life situations, not all of them are developed when it is necessary and change when the goals and requirements of the environment change. The purpose of the study is to conduct research of human vitality under uncertainty conditions; the object of the study is: social and psychological mechanisms and human vitality resources; methods include: historical and theoretical analysis, analysis of empirical research results. Hypothesis: The first stage is maintaining the vitality of an individual and social groups via formation of prosocial mechanisms of behavior according to a model (prototype). The following development stages of vitality involve forming adaptation mechanisms initiated and supported by the evolution of the “internal conditions” of the subject. We analysed the materials related to vitality study in foreign and domestic psychology from the 1960s to the present: historically emerging approaches (five “waves”), subject and tasks, mechanisms and types of human adaptation to the physical and social environment. It is stated that, within the boundar ies of historically formed paradigms, two human states are considered – “below the norm” and “norms” of social, psychological, physical functioning, characteristics of which are described by the concepts of “improvement”, “positive adaptation”, “preservation”, “back to normal”, “optimal condition”, “achieving a good result”; vitality is viewed as the achievement and maintenance of “social homeostasis” by a person, with the focus on the prosocial behavior models of other people, who are reproducing such models. Climbing the heights of physical and spiritual maturity, reaching a higher level of social functioning, the effects of positive changes in survivors of traumatic events remain unexplored, and retain the status of terra incognita. 

References
  1. Agadzhanyan N. A., Georgiyeva S. A., Gladilin G. P. Infl uence of Rotational and Expeditionary-Rotational Method of Labor Activity on Homeostatic Function of Body. Human Physiology, 1997, vol. 23, iss. 3, pp. 103–107 (in Russian).
  2. Kaznacheyev V. P., Kaznacheyev S. V. Adaptatsiya i konstitutsiya cheloveka [Adaptation and Human Constitution]. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ., 1986. 120 p. (in Russian).
  3. Sobakin A. K. Rabotosposobnost’ vakhtovogo personala gazovykh promyslov v ekstremal’nykh usloviyakh Severa [Effi ciency of Shift Personnel in Gas Fields in Extreme Conditions of the North]. Thesis Diss. Cand. Sci. (Biol.). Novosibirsk, 2004. 29 p. (in Russian).
  4. Khasnulin V. I. Vvedenie v polyarnuyu meditsinu [Introduction to Polar Medicine]. Novosibirsk, SO RAMN Publ., 1998. 337 p. (in Russian).
  5. Ananenkov A. G., Stavkin G. P., Andreev O. P., Salikhov Z. C., Kramar V. S. Sotsial’nye aspekty tekhnicheskogo regulirovaniya vakhtovogo metoda raboty v usloviyakh Kraynego Severa [Social Aspects of Technical Regulation of the Rotational Work Method in the Far North]. Moscow, Nedra Publ., 2005. 256 p. (in Russian).
  6. Psikhologiya sub”yekta zhiznedeyatel’nosti na Evropeyskom Severe i v Arktike [M. V. Korekhova, Ya. A. Korneyeva, eds. Psychology of the Subject of Life in the European North and in the Arctic]. Arkhangelsk, RAO Publ., 2018. 255 p. (in Russian).
  7. Simonova N. N. Adaptatsiya k rabote vakhtovym metodom v ekstremal’nykh usloviyakh Kraynego Severa [Adaptation to Work on a Rotational Basis in Extreme Conditions of the Far North]. Arkhangelsk, ID SAFU, 2014. 220 p. (in Russian).
  8. Tolochek V. A. Psikhologiya truda [Psychology of Labor]. St. Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2019. 480 p. (in Russian).
  9. Tolochek V. A. Problema stiley v psikhologii: istorikoteoreticheskiy analiz [The Problem of Styles in Psychology: Historical and Theoretical Analysis]. Moscow, Institute of Psychology of the RAS Publ., 2013. 320 p. (in Russian).
  10. Tolochek V. A. A Person as a Subject in the Continuum “Prerequisites – Competencies”. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2018, vol. 7, iss. 1, pp. 16–25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2018-7-1-16-25 (in Russian).
  11. Tolochek V. A. The Phenomenon of “Resources”: Topos and Chronos in the Actualization of Environmental Conditions as Resources. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2018, vol. 7, iss. 3, pp. 250–260. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2018-7-3-250-260 (in Russian).
  12. Tolochek V. A. “Profession”: The Organization and Attributive Properties of the Phenomenon. Part 2. Vestnik Yaroslavskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. P. G. Demidova. Serija gumanitarnye nauki, 2018, no. 4 (46), pp. 75–80 (in Russian).
  13. Masten A. S., Obradović J. Competence and Resilience in Development. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2006, vol. 1094, iss. 1, pp. 13–27. DOI: 10.1196/annals.1376.003
  14. Makhnach A. V. Zhiznesposobnost’ cheloveka i sem’i: sotsial’no-psikhologicheskaya paradigma [Human and Family Vitality: Socio-Psychological Paradigm]. Moscow, Institute of Psychology RAS Publ., 2016. 459 p. (in Russian).
  15. Bronfenbrenner U. The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1979. 522 p.
  16. Laktionova A. I. Zhiznesposobnost’ i sotsial’naya adaptatsiya podrostkov [Vitality and Social Adaptation of Adolescents]. Moscow, Institute of Psychology of the RAS Publ., 2017. 396 p. (in Russian).
  17. Leont’yev D. A. Fate Blows as Stimuli for Personal Development: The Phenomenon of Post-Traumatic Growth. In: A. V. Makhnach, L. G. Dikaya, eds. Zhiznesposobnost’ cheloveka: individual’nyye, professional’nyye i sotsial’nyye aspekty [Human Vitality: Individual, Professional and Social Aspects]. Moscow, Institute of Psychology of the RAS Publ., 2016, pp. 142–158 (in Russian).
  18. Postylyakova Yu. V. Resource Potential of the Subject of Professi onal Activity. In: L. G. Dikaya, A. L. Zhuravlev, eds. Sotsial’naya psikhologiya truda: teoriya i praktika [Social Psychology of Labor: Theory and Practice]. Vol. 1. Moscow Institute of Psychology of the RAS Publ., 2010, pp. 226–243 (in Russian).
  19. Bocharova E. E. Cultural and Historical Determination Factors for the Young People’s Social Activity Direction. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2019, vol. 8, iss. 4, pp. 348–361. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2019-8-4-348-361 (in Russian).
  20. Stending G. Prekariat: novyy opasnyy klass [Precariat: A New Dangerous Class]. Moscow, Ad Marginal Press, 2014. 328 p. (in Russian, trans. from English).
  21. Tarabrina N. V., Kharlamenkova N. E. Post-Traumatic Stress and Coping Behavior during Middle and Late Adulthood. In: A. V. Makhnach, L. G. Dikaya, eds. Zhiznesposobnost’ cheloveka: individual’nyye, professional’nyye i sotsial’nyye aspekty [Human Vitality : Individual, Professional and Social Aspects]. Moscow, Institute of Psychology of the RAS Publ., 2016, pp. 291–305 (in Russian).
  22. Shamionov R. M., Grigor’yeva M. V. Psikhologiya sub”yektivnogo blagopoluchiya i sotsial’noy adaptatsii lichnosti [Psychology of Subjective Well-Being and Social Adaptation of a Person]. Saratov, Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 2014. 196 p. (in Russian).
  23. Demin A. N., Demina I. V. The Problem of Adaptation to the Speed of Social Processes. Human capital, 2020, no. 10 (142), pp. 80–88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25629/HC.2020.10.05 (in Russian).
  24. Druzhilov S. A. Professional-Destructive Activity as a Manifestation of Professional Marginalization and Deprofessionalization. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 2017, no. 2, pp. 45–63 (in Russian).
  25. Druzhilov S. A. Infl uence of Flexibility of Employment on World of Work and of Professional Activities: Phenomenon, Concepts, “Challenges” and Opportunities. Scientifi c e-JOURNAL «Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences. Organizational psychology and labor psychology», 2020, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 32–60 (in Russian).
  26. Calhoun L. G., Tedeschi R. G. Posttraumatic Growth: Future Directions. In: R. G. Tedeschi, C. L. Park, L. G. Calhoun, eds. Posttraumatic Growth: Positive Changes in the Aftermath of Crisis. New York, Lawrence Erlbaum, 1998, pp. 215–238.
  27. Calhoun L. G., Tedeschi R. G. The Foundations of Posttraumatic Growth: An Expanded Framework. In: L. G. Calhoun, R. G. Tedeschi, eds. Handbook of Posttraumatic Growth: Research and Practice. Mahwah, Lawrence Erlbaum, 2006, pp. 3–23.
  28. Linley A., Joseph S. Positive Change Following Trauma and Adversity: A Review. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2004, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 11–21.
  29. Tedeschi R. G., Park C. L., Calhoun L. G. Posttraumatic Growth : Conceptual Issues. In: R. G. Tedeschi, C. L. Park, L. G. Calhoun, eds. Posttraumatic Growth: Positive Changes in the Aftermath of Crisis. New York, Lawrence Erlbaum, 1998, pp. 1–22. 30. Tedeschi R. G., Calhoun L. G. Posttraumatic Growth: Conceptual Foundations and Empirical Evidence. Psychological Inquiry, 2004, vol. 15, iss. 1, pp. 1–18.
  30. Joseph S., Linley P. A. Positive Adjustment to Threatening Events: An Organismic Valuing Theory of Growth Through Adversity. Review of General Psychology, 2005, vol. 9, iss. 3, pp. 262–280.
Full text (in Russian):
(downloads: 37)
Short text (in English):
(downloads: 11)