Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology

Izvestiya of Saratov University.

ISSN 2304-9790 (Print)
ISSN 2541-9013 (Online)

For citation:

Fadeeva T. Y. Psychological factors of parental burnout of fathers and mothers. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2021, vol. 10, iss. 4, pp. 334-343. DOI: 10.18500/2304-9790-2021-10-4-334-343

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 153)
Полный текст в формате PDF(En):
(downloads: 67)
Article type: 

Psychological factors of parental burnout of fathers and mothers

Fadeeva Tatyana Yu., Saratov State University

The study of parental burnout of fathers as well as mothers is relevant, since it may be the source of family trouble in general. The purpose of the study is to identify the factors of parental burnout of fathers and mothers. It is assumed that there are multidirectional correlations between the intensity of parental burnout components and parental sets, the attitude of spouses to the family role, and the consistency of the family functions of fathers and mothers. The study was carried out on a sample of parents of full families in Saratov, raising biological children (N = 61, 40 women (aged M = 32), 21 men (M = 33.9)). The applied methods include the questionnaires "Parental Burnout" (I. N. Efimova); "Role Expectations and Claims in Marriage" (N. A. Volkova), "Parental Attitude Research Instrument " (E. S. Schaefer and R. K. Bell, adapted by T. V. Nescheret and T. V. Arkhireeva), the questionnaire on marital satisfaction (V. V. Stolin, T. L. Romanova, G. P. Butenko). The largest number of correlations between the parameters of parental burnout and parental sets, the attitude of spouses to the family role and family functions have been revealed in the sample of mothers. It has been found out that in both samples the leve of "emotional exhaustion" is interrelated with the parental predisposition to excessive strictness towards the child. However, the emotional exhaustion of mothers is more mediated by their dependence on the family and low self-assessment as a parent, whereas fathers’ burnout is due to the focus on the child and the desire to accelerate their development. The level of "depersonalization" in the sample of mothers correlates with the level of their concentration on the child, the consistency of family functions ("emotional and psychotherapeutic", "social activity", "physical attractiveness of the partner"), and marital satisfaction. In the sample of fathers, it correlates with the scales related to the sphere of marital relations (physical attractiveness of the partner, the degree of the father’s involvement in family affairs and marital satisfaction). The degree of the "parental achievements reduction" in the sample of mothers is associated with the balance of "intimacyseparateness" or its lack in the family system; in the sample of fathers it is connected with the availability or lack of verbal contact with the child and the father's acceptance of the child’s natural development. The applied aspect of the problem under study consists of the possibility of using the results in the practice of advisory services.

  1. Polivanova K. N. Parenting and parenthood as research domains. Psychological Science and Education, 2015, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1–11 (in Russian). DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2015070301 
  2. Zapletina O. O. Socio-psychological and socio-demographic factors of parental stress: analysis of foreign sources. World of Science. Pedagogy and psychology, 2020, vol. 8, no. 6. Available at: (accessed 4 March 2021 ) (in Russian).
  3. Ponomarenko I. L., Kadysheva L. B. Psychological Factors of Burnout of Women in Family Life. Gumanitarno-pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie [Humanitarian and Pedagogical Education], 2016, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 39–45 (in Russian). 
  4. Mikolajczak M., Raes M.-E., Avaloss H., Roskam I. Exhausted Parents: Sociodemographic, Child-Related, Parent-Related, Parenting and Family-Functioning Correlates of Parental Burnout. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2018, vol. 27, 2, pp. 602–614. DOI: 10.1007/s10826-017-0892-4 
  5. Bazaleva L. A. Personal factors of emotional «burnout» of mothers in relations with children. Thesis Diss. Cand. Sci. (Psychol.). Krasnodar, 2010. 26 p. (in Russian). 
  6. Barinova O. V., Dopshinskaya A. A. The relationship of burnout personal characteristics of mothers of different social types. Herald of Tver State University. Series: Pedagogy and Psychology, 2019, no. 1 (46), pp. 13–20 (in Russian). 
  7. Nikitskaya E. A., Doroshenko O. M. Theoretical foundations of the study of the phenomenon of emotional burnout in women-mothers. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii [Herald of Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia], 2021, no. 3, pp. 344–348 (in Russian). DOI: 10.24412/2073-0454-2021-3-344-348 
  8. Saporovskaya M. V. Emotional burnout and psychological well-being of women in the family. Vestnik Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, 2018, no. 4, pp. 68–73 (in Russian). 
  9. Lee S. J., Pace G. T., Lee J. Y., Knauer H. The association of fathers’ parental warmth and parenting stress to child behavior problems. Children and Youth Services Review, 2018, vol. 91, pp. 1–10. DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth. 2018.05.020
  10. Efi mova I. N. Potential of stadying the parentʼs «burnout» syndrome. Bulletin of the Moscow Region State University. Series “Psychology”, 2013, no. 4, pp. 31–40 (in Russian).
  11. Mikolajczak M., Gross J. J., Roskam I. Parental Burnout: What Is It, and Why Does It Matter? Clinical Psychological Science, 2019, vol 7, iss. 6, pp. 602–614. DOI: 10.1177/2167702619858430 
  12. Mikhaylova N. F., Gutshabash M. E. Everyday stress and coping of parents raising children with autism. Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya [Problems of Modern Pedagogical Education], 2016, no. 53, vol. 10, pp. 294–302 (in Russian). 
  13. Molchanova L. N., Stulova A. V. Socio-psychological competence of mothers in the upbringing of hearingimpaired children and with mental burnout as a personal resource for overcoming it. Perspectives of Science and Education, 2020, no. 43 (1), pp. 344–353 (in Russian). DOI: 10.32744/pse.2020.1.24 
  14. Grinina E. S. Emotional State Features in Women Raising Children with Developmental Disorders. RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics, 2019, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 196–212 (in Russian). DOI: 10.22363/2313-1683-2019-16-2-196-212 
  15. 15. Anikina V. O., Pshonova K. A. Correlations between parental competencies, emotional states and parenting stress of mothers of preschool and primary school children. World of Science. Pedagogy and psychology, 2019, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 49–62. Available at: (accessed 4 March 2021) (in Russian). 
  16. Efi mova I. N. Personal characteristics and features of emotional and behavioral manifestations of parents in relation to their degree of burnout. Russian Scientifi c Journal, 2013, no. 4 (35), pp. 206–215 (in Russian). 
  17. Crnic K., Ross E. Parenting Stress and Parental Effi cacy. In: K. Deater-Deckard, R. Panneton, eds. Parental Stress and Early Child Development: Adaptive and Maladaptive Outcomes. Cham, Switzerland, Springer, 2017. DOI: 
  18. Ilʼina T. I., Gurieva S. D. Identity crisis as a factor in manifestation of syndrome of emotional burnout among women having children. Man and Education, 2019, no. 3 (60), pp. 85–93 (in Russian). 
  19. Starchenkova E. S. Social-psychological factors of parental burnout. Psikhologiya stressa i sovladayushchego povedeniya: vyzovy, resursy, blagopoluchie : materialy V Mezhdunar. nauch. konf.: v 2 t. (Kostroma, 26–28 sent. 2019 g.) [Psychology of Stress and Coping Behavior: Challenges, Resources, Well-being: Proceedings of the V International Scientifi c Conference: in 2 vols. (Kostroma, September 26–28, 2019)]. Kostroma, Kostroma State University Publ., 2019, pp. 109–113 (in Russian). 
  20. Savenysheva S. S., Zapletina O. O. Parenting stress of mothers of preschool children: the role of sociodemographic factors. World of Science. Pedagogy and psychology, 2019, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 53–63. Available at: (accessed 4 March 2021) (in Russian). 
  21. Robinson M., Neece C. L. Marital satisfaction, parental stress, and child behavior problems among parents of young children with developmental delays. Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2015, vol. 8, iss. 1, pp. 23–46. DOI: 10.1080/19315864.2014.994247 
  22. Ilinsky S. Family factors psychological well-being. The Bulletin of the Samara Humanitarian Academy. A series Psychology, 2017, no. 1 (21), pp. 76–92 (in Russian). 
  23. Gagay V. V., Efremova A. V. Role structure of the family as a factor of satisfaction with marriage. World of Science. Pedagogy and psychology, 2019, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 30–39. Available at: (accessed 10 February 2021) (in Russian).
  24. Klenova M. A. Individual and Psychological Features of Tendency to the Stress of Men and Women Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.). Ser. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2016, vol. 5, iss. 3 (19), рр. 246–249 (in Russian). DOI: 10.18500/2304-9790-2016-5-3-246-249 
  25. Olifi rovich N. I., Zinkevich-Kuzemkina T. A., Velenta T. F. Psikhologiya semeynykh krizisov [The Psychology of Family Crises]. Saint Petersburg, Rechʼ Publ., 2006. 360 p. (in Russian). 
  26. Sánchez-Rodríguez R., Orsini É., Lafl aquière E., Callahan S., Séjourné N. Depression, anxiety, and guilt in mothers with burnout of preschool and school-aged children: Insight from a cluster analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2019, vol. 259, pp.444–450 DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.031
Short text (in English):
(downloads: 50)