Cite this article as:

Чеботарева Е. Ю. Cross-Cultural Peculiars of Coping Strategies of the Russian and the French Students in the Context of Psychological Well-Being. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2018, vol. 7, iss. 2, pp. 156-?. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2018-7-2-156-163


Cross-Cultural Peculiars of Coping Strategies of the Russian and the French Students in the Context of Psychological Well-Being

Abstract: 

The goal of the empirical study described in the article was to identify the cross-cultural characteristics of coping strategies and psychological well-being undertaken on a sample of the Russian (n = 70) and the French (n = 70) students aged 18 to 25 years old using the following psychodiagnostic tools: “Scale of psychological well-being” (by C. Riff, adapted by N. N. Lepeshinsky), “Ways of Coping Questionnaire” (WCQ, adapted by T. L. Kryukova and E. V. Kuftyak). Presumably, in different cultures, the preferences of coping strategies are related to the level of psychological well-being to varying degrees, probably depending on the general level of stress in society and the presence of a conscious experience of successful management of the environment. It was empirically established that the French students adopt the strategies of confrontation and distancing significantly more often than the Russians, and the Russian students adopt the strategy of taking over the responsibility much more often than the French students. The French students significantly exceed the Russian students in their satisfaction with interactions with other people, in the degree of self-acceptance, in the ability to manage their own environment, and to set conscious goals in life. The Russian students outperform the French students in terms of satisfaction with personal development. The effectiveness of coping strategies in regards of their relationship with psychological well-being varies in different cultures. Therefore, the strategy of planning the solution of the problem is the most effective strategy for the French students, and the reassessment of the situation is the most effective strategy for the Russian students.

References

​1. Kryukova T. L. Psikhologiya sovladayushchego povedeniya [Psychology of Coping Behavior]. Kostroma, 2004. 426 p. (in Russian).

2. Sergienko E. A. Sub`ektnaya regulyatsiya i sovladayushchee povedenie [Subjective Regulationand Coping Behavior]. In: Psikhologiya sovladayushchego povedeniya: materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. [Psychology of Coping Behavior: Proceedings of the International Scientifi c and Practical Conference]. Kostroma, 2007, pp. 64–66 (in Russian).

3. Sirota N. A., Yaltonskii V. M. Koping-povedenie i psikhoprofilaktika psikhosotsial’nykh rasstroistv podrostkov [Coping Behavior and Psycho-Prophylaxis of Adolescents’ Psycho-Social Disorders]. Obozrenie psikhiatrii i meditsinskoi psikhologii im. V. M. Bekhtereva [V. M. Bekhterev Review of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology], 1994, no. 1, pp. 63–74 (in Russian).

4. Sorokoumova N. A., Golub’ O. V. Vybor povedencheskikh strategii sovladaniya s trudnoi zhiznennoi situatsiei [Choice of Behavior Strategies of Coping Hard Living Situation]. Vestnik RUDN. Ser. Psikhologiya i pedagogika [RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogic], 2010, no. 4, pp. 41–45 (in Russian).

5. Carver C. S., Scheier M. F., Weintraub J. K. Assessing coping strategies : A theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, vol. 56, pp. 267–283.

6. Gritsenko V. V. Issledovanie sub`ektivnogo blagopoluchiya russkikh i khakasov v usloviyakh obshchestvennoekonomicheskikh peremen [Investigation of Russians’ and Khackasses’ Subjective Well-Being in Conditions of Social and Economic Changes]. In: Problemy sotsial’noi psikhologii lichnosti [Issues of Personality’s Social Psychology]. Saratov, 2004, pp. 132–147 (in Russian).

7. Andreenkova N. V. Sravnitel’nyi analiz udovletvorennosti zhizn’yu i opredelyayushchikh ee faktorov [Comparative Analysis of Life Satisfaction and Its Determining Factors]. Monitoring obshchestvennogo mneniya: ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny [Monitoring Journal], 2010, no. 5 (99), pp. 189–215 (in Russian).

8. Suh E. M. National differences in subjective well-being. In: Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology. Eds. E. Diner, D. Kahneman, N. Schwarz. New York, 1999, pp. 434–450.

9. A comparative study of satisfaction with life in Europe. Eds. W. E. Saris, R. Veebhoven, A. C. Scherpenzeel, B. Bunting. Budapest, 1996, 299 p.

10. Sukharev A. V. Etnofunktsional’nyi podkhod k vnutrennim usloviyam psikhicheskogo razvitiya i vospitaniya cheloveka [Ethno-Functional Approach to Internal Context of Human Psychic Development and Education]. In: Etnopsikhologicheskie i sotsiokul’turnye protsessy v sovremennom obshchestve [Ethno-Psychological and socioCultural Processes in Modern Society]. Balashov, 2005, pp. 457–462 (in Russian).

11. Shamionov R. M. Etnokul’turnye faktory sub»ektivnogo blagopoluchiya lichnosti [Ethno-Cultural Factors of Personality’s Subjective Well-Being]. Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2014, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 68–81 (in Russian).

12. Chebotareva E. Cultural Specifi cs of Life Values and Subjective Well-Being. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 2015, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 301–307.

13. Chebotareva E. Regulatory Aspects of Subjective WellBeing. Psychology & Health, 2013, vol. 28, special issue, pp. 185–186.

14. MacCrae R., Costa P. Personality, Coping and Coping Effectiveness in an Adult Sample. Journal of Personality, 1986, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 385–405.

15. Hardie E., Critchley C., Morris Z. Self-Coping Complexity: Role of Self-Construal in Relational, Individual and Collective Coping Styles and Health Outcomes. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 2005, vol. 9, pp. 224–235.

16. Chebotareva E. Yu. Svyaz’ sub’ektivnogo blagopoluchiya s mekhanizmami psikhologicheskoi zashchity lichnosti [Correlation of Subjective Well-Being and Personality’s Defence Activities]. In: Kachestvo zhizni. Psikhologiya zdorov’ya i obrazovanie: mezhdistsiplinarnyi podkhod. Materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. [Life Quality. Psychology of Health and Education: Inter-Discipline Approach. Proceedings of International Scientifi c and Practical Conference]. Moscow, 2014, pp. 322–324 (in Russian).

17. Chebotareva E. Yu. Strategii mezhkul’turnogo vzaimodeistviya i udovletvorennost’ zhizn’yu inostrannykh studentov [Foreign Students’ Strategies of Interaction and Life Satisfaction]. In: Pedvuzovskoe obuchenie inostrannykh studentov: sovremennoe sostoyanie, problematika [Learning of Foreign Students at Pedagogical University: Modern Station, Problematics]. Moscow, 2015, pp. 198–202 (in Russian).

18. Ryff C. D. Happiness is Everything, or is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1989, vol. 57, pp. 1069–1081.

19.Kryukova T. L., Kuftyak E. V. Oprosnik sposobov sovladaniya (adaptatsiya metodiki WCQ) [Questionnary of Coping Ways {Adaptation of WCQ methodics}]. Zhurnal prakticheskogo psikhologa [Practical Psychologist Journal], 2007, no. 3, pp. 93–112 (in Russian).

20.Novikova I. A., Kadil’nikova O. A. Gendernaya spetsifi ka uverennosti i zhiznestoikosti studentov [Gender Specifi c of Students’ Assurance and Hardiness]. Vysshaya shkola: opyt, problemy, perspektivy: materialy VIII Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf.: v 2 ch. [High School: Experience, Problems, Perspectives: Proceedings of the 8th International Scientifi c and Practical Conference: in 2 Parts]. Moscow, 2015, pp. 537–542 (in Russian).

21. Volk M. I., Berrios Kal’ekhas S. A. Gendernyi aspekt emotsional’nogo intellekta i psikhologicheskogo blagopoluchiya u studentov iz Latinskoi Ameriki [Gender aspect of Latin American Students’ Emotional Intellect and Psychological Well-Being]. Vysshaya shkola: opyt, problemy, perspektivy: materialy IX mezhdunar. nauch.- prakt. konf.: v 2 ch. [High School: Experience, Problems, Perspectives: Proceedings of the 9th International Scientifi c and Practical Conference: in 2 Parts]. Moscow, 2016, pp. 614–618 (in Russian).

Full text (in Russian): 
Short text (in English):