Cite this article as:

Лаврентьева З. И. Return of Children from Substitute Families as a Socio-Pedagogical Phenomenon. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 2017, vol. , iss. 3, pp. 278-?. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/2304-9790-2017-6-3-278-282


Return of Children from Substitute Families as a Socio-Pedagogical Phenomenon

Abstract: 

The relevance of the study of returns of children from substitute families is due to a growing number adoptive parents refusing to raise in orphans and children left without parental care their families. The problem lies in the fact that the processes that occur with the child and the family in the situation of return remain unexplored; the very essence of returns as a pedagogical phenomenon is not completely clear; the contradictions and resources of a child’s return from substitute families are not disclosed. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the pedagogical essence of such a new phenomenon of present-day life as a return of a child from a substitute family. Compared with the legal fact of the termination of a contract for raising an orphan child or a child left without parental care in a foster family, a return in a pedagogical sense means foster parents refusal to live together while preserving the relations objectively arising between the family and the adopted child. It is noted that the return develops according to its own laws, it is procedural in nature, it has inconsistency and closeness, it arises in connection with causes of psychological nature, it has pronounced indicators of decreased resources of the foster family for the child’s development. This allows us to consider the return as a resolution of the crisis between parents’ actual expectations and the child’s latent needs. The author provides a rationale for the idea that the return starts a search of new opportunities for expanding the field of self-determination and further development of the child, provided it is moved to a more resourceful substitute family.

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