Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Investigations of Psyche’s Development

Professional Career: Research, Results, Possible Prospects

The phenomenon of “professional career”, the complexity of its full and adequate scientific explication is considered. One of the ways to promote a constructive study of a career is an appeal to a set of complementary methodological approaches. The experience of the development of an integrative approach, including combinations of system-genetic, ecological (ecopsychological) and system triads approach, is proposed. It is shown that each of the methodological approaches has its limitations and possibilities.

Problems and Perspectives of the Study of Young People’s Social Activity

The purpose of the study presented in the article is to give a theoretical review of articles devoted to the problem of social activity and its types. The urgency of the study of social activity is conditioned by the need to study psychological mechanisms of formation, development and forms of its manifestation in young people under the changing conditions of the social environment. The article presents the main definitions of the notion of social activity from the interdisciplinary perspective.

Theoretical Prerequisites for the Study of Discriminatory Attitudes of the Personal in the Changing Society

The main purpose of the article is to present a theoretical review and analysis of modern Russian and foreign studies on the problem of discriminatory attitudes of an individual. The urgency of the study is determined by many factors and is due to scientific, theoretical and socio-psychological circumstances of the modern society. Discriminatory attitudes increase the intensity of local conflicts between dominant and discriminated groups.

Three Definitions and Three Approaches to Study of Collaboration: in the Social, Organizational and Pedagogical Psychology

The causes for the relatively small exploring of the phenomenon of collaboration in comparison with the conflict are considered. An alternative approach to collaboration in terms of post-non-classical psychology (correspondence, selectivity, reciprocity) is suggested. Critical analysis of daily and philosophical representations of collaboration is carried out. Based on the APA Dictionary of Psychology, three different working definitions of collaboration for social, organizational and pedagogical psychology are given.

Transformation of Worldview and Ways of Categorization of the Other in Modern Children

The article presents the implementation of the network approach to analyzing the worldview of a person and describes its main characteristics (complexity, lack of a stable core, self-organization, nonlinearity, synergistic relationships, polydetermination).

Professional Selection: History and Prospects for Goal Setting

Purpose of the study: analysis of the set of issues related to the problem of professional selection (methodology and methods, techniques, procedures for organizing and conducting diagnostics, preservation and use of the empirical data, etc.).

The Value-Based Personality Structure of Compatriots in the Context of Their Return to their Historical Homeland

The relevance of the research is driven by the importance of studying the value-based personality structure in the context of their adaptation to a new ethno and socio-cultural environment. The goal of the research is to study the value hierarchy of migrants who have received the status of a participant in the State program to assist the voluntary resettlement of compatriots living abroad to the Russian Federation. The theoretical basis for the study is Schwartz’ refined theory of basic personal values.

The Ratio of Self-Esteem, Aspiration Level and Value Orientations of an Individual

From the perspective of the subject-activity theory by S.L. Rubinstein and reflexive activity approach developed by E.I. Kuzmina, which became the methodological basis of our experimental study of self-esteem, aspiration level and value orientations, we clarified the psychological content and substantiated the dialectical unity of these central personality phenomena, showed the heuristic possibilities of their comprehensive research for a deeper understanding of the development of an individual.

A. M. Matyushkin’s Concept of Creative Giftedness as a Presupposition of Development of Creative Personality

Basic aspects of the concept of creative giftedness by A. M. Matyushkin are represented in the context of modern scientific literature and theoretical and experimental research of the staff of the Psychology of Giftedness Laboratory of the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Education.

A Person as a Subject in the Continuum «Prerequisites – Competencies»

Purpose of the study: to reveal both the nature of their interrelations and the functional relationships of the reflected phenomena (as fragments of social reality) through analyzing the practice of using a number of scientific terms in psychology. Interrelations between these concepts can be represented with the continuum: Prerequisites < Abilities < Special abilities < Professional abilities < Professionallysignificant qualities < Competences < Competence; as well as with the following sequence: Potential < Intrasubject resources < Extrasubject resources.