Psychology of Social Development

Correlation between Social Competence and Adaptive Capabilities of Students of Different Specialities

The paper presents the findings of a theoretical analysis of the corre-lation between a person’s adaptation and his/her social competence. It presents the results of an empirical study of the correlation between social competence and adaptive potential that was conducted on a sample of students (N = 80, aged 18–19) using the following diagnostic tools: the «Communicative social competence instrument» (CSC) (N. P. Fetiskin, V. V. Kozlov, T. M. Manuilov) and the «Social and psychological adaptation questionnaire» (K. Rogers and R. Diamond).

Adaptive Readiness of Secondary School Students

This article presents the results of theoretical and long-term empirical study of adaptive readiness of secondary school students. Students (N = 83) and class teachers (N = 3) participated in the longitudinal study. The use of the following complexes of psychological and pedagogical instruments allowed to study the dynamics of adaptive readiness of students with initially high and low levels: «Chart of monitoring students’ adaptiveness and effectiveness of their learning activities» by E. S. Eskina, T. L. Bolbot, «Intellectual abilities test for children» by K.

Individual Characteristics of Psychological Safety of Primary-School Students during School Adaptation

The paper present the results of an experimental study of how individual characteristics of psychological safety are manifested in first-graders depending on how well they are adapted to school. The study involved 238 children. It applied a number of techniques aimed at examining indicators of psychological safety and the level of school adaptation in first-graders.

Time Perspective and Life Values of Senior Pupils in Urban and Rural Schools

The article presents the results of empirical study of time perspective peculiarities, conducted in a comparative aspect on the sample of senior pupils from urban and rural schools (N = 140). The following ques-tionnaires were used: «Motivation to Success» and «Motivation of Failure Avoidance» by T. Ehlers, «Morphological Test of Life Values» by V. F. Sopov and L. V. Karpushina, «Graphic Test with Time Circles and Lines» by T. Cottle, «Sentence Completion» method by D. Saks and S. Levy, test-questionnaire «Subjective Control Level» by G.

Leadership and Viability of Mongolian Students Studying in Russia

The article presents the results of empirical study of peculiarities of leadership and viability expression of Mongolian students. The study involved 40 respondents aged 18 to 25 years, enrolled in different faculties of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. The following in-struments were used in the research: «Hardiness Survey» by S. Maddi (adapted by D. A. Leontiev), «Communicative and organizing skills» (COS) by V. V. Sinyavskiy and V. A. Vedoroshin, and «Leadership skills diagnostic test» by E. I. Zharikov and E. L. Krushelnitskiy.

Correlation of Subjective Well-Being and Socio-Political Representation of Ethnic Groups

The paper presents the results of a theoretical and empirical study of subjective well-being and socio-political representation of ethnic groups. The study included proportionally equal samples of Russian and Kazakh respondents (Saratov, N = 60). Using a combination of psycho-pedagogical instruments, such as a questionnaire aimed at identifying socio-political views developed by the author of the study, the «Level of social frustratedness instrument» (L. I. Vasserman, B. V. Iovlev, M. A. Berebin), and the «C. Ryff’s scale of psychological well-being» (L. V. Zhukovskaya, E. G.

Psychological and Acmeological Factors of Individual Psychological Protection while Preparing for Motherhood

The research attempts to identify the main acmeological factors of personal psychological defence mechanisms affecting the aetiology of female infertility and the effective restoration and preservation of reproductive women’s health. The article investigates the theoretical results of Russian and foreign studies and analyses the initial data collected by the author serving as the basis for drawing further conclusions. The paper is focused on the study and description of the mechanisms of psychological protection of women suffering from infertility.

Peculiarities Manifestationsof of the Psychological Defence Mechanisms Used by the Students of Psychology Department at University Depending on Vitality

The article sets out the research data demonstrating the distinctive features of psychological defence used by the students of psychology departments with increased and decreased viability. Significant differences were found in the dominant psychological defence mechanisms of the students. It has been revealed that the students with increased viability are inclined to choose «denial» and «rationalization» as psychological defence mechanisms while the students with reduced viability choose «projection» and «regression».

Individual and Psychological Features of Tendency to the Stress of Men and Women

In this article stated the results of the empirical research devoted to studying of interrelation between tendency to a stress and individual and psychological features of the personality. The empirical base of research made 60 people, of them 30 men and 30 women aged from 25 till 35 years. Individual and psychological features were studied by means of R. B. Kettell’s questionnaire, tendency to a stess was investigated with use of the adapted J. Dzhenkinson’s technique.