Теоретико-методологические подходы к исследованию развития психики

Socio-Cultural Matrix of Personality Development

The author uses her original approach to treat the role of personal representations of «Self – Other» in the development, formation, and self-determination of a person, which are constructed at different levels of the subject’s interaction (culture, society, personality). The paper suggests that it is culture and society that create conditions necessary for the development of personality by designing a kind of a socio-cultural matrix, but that it is a person that chooses meaningful reasons and value orientation for the trajectory of his/her spiritual and moral development.

Creativity Freedom and Determinism

The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the problem of dialectical unity of creativity freedom and determinism — a general psychological principle of causality proposed by S. L. Rubinsteyn. The paper provides a rationale for «a refraction effect of external influence through the subject’s mental state, through his established mindset and feelings». It is shown that creativity freedom and determinism are mutually reinforcing.

Study of Identity in the Context of the Special Personality Psychology

Presents a generalized theoretical and practical approach, showing the need to study the identity of persons with intellectual disabilities in the special psychology of the individual in the context of the study of the regulatory and behavioral functions of self-awareness and realization of antisocial behavior orientation. Emphasized the leading role in the formation of suggestibility maladaptive social behavior such persons proposed diagnostic evaluation parameters of the sensitive subject to suggestion in the presence of intellectual pathology.

«Acme», Efficiency of Activities and the Success of Stakeholder

The article discusses the problem of «acme» in the context of content and relationships of functional systems, which provide the efficiency of professional activity and social success of man as its subject.

Social-Cognitive Approach in the Research on Social-Psychological Maturity of Personality

The research provides the data of theoretical and methodological analysis of the essence of social and psychological maturity of personality from the point of view of socialization/individualization processes and the process of interpersonal interaction. Social-psychological maturity of personality has been regarded as a psychological construct appearing in the process of integration of social and individual

Levels and Criteria of Individuality Evolution

The article presents data regarding theoretical analysis of implementation of the two major approaches to the term «individuality», which were adopted by Soviet and post-Soviet ideology. The author developed level-based structure of the theoretical model - «Personoriented concept of happiness», which allows to incorporate both versions, where the first version is hierarchically subordinate to the second version.

Level of Person's Social Success: Outer-Subject and Inter-Subject Resources

The purpose of the present research is do detect ontological characteristics of «acme» phenomenon, determine its limits, suggest particular limitations into the object of research, point out aspects interesting in a scientific way and significant in terms of further development of social technologies. The purpose is to suggest changing metaphors and unclear terms to the more clear terms from thesaurus of modern psychology allowing to make measurements.

Theoretical Contradictions in the Defining

The article describes theoretical inconsistencies in defining the psychological mechanisms of intuition. The research points out the approach that regards intuition as a complex functioning, and the other cognitive
process considering intuition as the means to obtain «direct knowledge», which is beyond the rationally explicable availability of information. The authors outline the difficulties professionals of different areas
face in the course of studying intuitional phenomena (psychologists, psycho-physiologists).

Happiness and Meaning: the Discussion with M. Seligman

The author presents theoretical views and experimental results, which question M. Seligman's statement concerning the necessity of a person's attachment to something outer and bigger than herself in order
to achieve meaning in life. In the frame of the author's theoretic conception, meaning is achieved with the help of realization of something inner, smaller and higher, not bigger and outer. Numerous positive

Socio-Psychological Well-Being of Children in Megapolis : the Methodological Foundations of Research

The article presents the theoretical and methodological rationale for the empirical study of socio-psychological well-being of children living in the city. Macro- and micro-social factors of the megapolisare considered. Among them are: the objective living conditions (the district, type of housing, dwelling comfort level and so on), social and socio-psychological characteristics of the family and parents (the economic status of the family, the families residence term in the metropolis and so on). Characteristics of the child as a determinant of socio-psychological well-being are studied.