Теоретико-методологические подходы к исследованию развития психики

The Value-Based Personality Structure of Compatriots in the Context of Their Return to their Historical Homeland

The relevance of the research is driven by the importance of studying the value-based personality structure in the context of their adaptation to a new ethno and socio-cultural environment. The goal of the research is to study the value hierarchy of migrants who have received the status of a participant in the State program to assist the voluntary resettlement of compatriots living abroad to the Russian Federation. The theoretical basis for the study is Schwartz’ refined theory of basic personal values.

The Ratio of Self-Esteem, Aspiration Level and Value Orientations of an Individual

From the perspective of the subject-activity theory by S.L. Rubinstein and reflexive activity approach developed by E.I. Kuzmina, which became the methodological basis of our experimental study of self-esteem, aspiration level and value orientations, we clarified the psychological content and substantiated the dialectical unity of these central personality phenomena, showed the heuristic possibilities of their comprehensive research for a deeper understanding of the development of an individual.

A. M. Matyushkin’s Concept of Creative Giftedness as a Presupposition of Development of Creative Personality

Basic aspects of the concept of creative giftedness by A. M. Matyushkin are represented in the context of modern scientific literature and theoretical and experimental research of the staff of the Psychology of Giftedness Laboratory of the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Education.

A Person as a Subject in the Continuum «Prerequisites – Competencies»

Purpose of the study: to reveal both the nature of their interrelations and the functional relationships of the reflected phenomena (as fragments of social reality) through analyzing the practice of using a number of scientific terms in psychology. Interrelations between these concepts can be represented with the continuum: Prerequisites < Abilities < Special abilities < Professional abilities < Professionallysignificant qualities < Competences < Competence; as well as with the following sequence: Potential < Intrasubject resources < Extrasubject resources.

ВТОРИЧНАЯ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ СОЦИАЛИЗАЦИЯ ЛИЧНОСТИ И ГРУППЫ: ПОНЯТИЕ И ОСНОВНЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ

Целью представленного в статье теоретического анализа стало выделение из некоторых ча- стей экономической психологии тех направлений исследований, которые представляют ин- терес с позиции описания разных форм вторичной экономической социализации. Рассматри- вается вопрос об уровневой структуре вторичной экономической социализации и выделении двух ее форм (подформ) в зависимости от уровня анализа (макро- или микросоциальный). Приведены направления исследований в экономической психологии, которые представляют интерес для разработки проблемного поля вторичной экономической социализации.

“Acme”: Space and Time of Manifestation of the Phenomenon

The article discusses the content of the phenomenon of “acme”, it identifies “open questions”, the lack of answers to which hinders its study (temporal parameters of acme, the degree and nature of integration of human qualities, uniqueness and stability of mental structures, the role of environment and the nature of involvement of human activity in the activities of social groups, etc.). The purpose of the article is to raise questions of searching for and identifying spatial and tempora parameters of how the phenomenon of “acme” is manifested.

Use of Clinical Interview for the Yakut Mentality Studies

The paper presents rationale for the choice of research method, taking into account not only the subject of the research, but also characteristics of the object of the research. Based on the features of the mentality of the Sakha people, which are referred to the «silence culture», we propose the method of semi-structured clinical interviews and interpretation of results using microsemantic analysis. It is suggested that the clinical interview will clarify specific cultural psychological constructs. To demonstrate the features of the method, the protocol analysis was presented.

Structural and Functional Approach to the Process of Identity Formation

The paper analyzes modern approaches to the study of a person’s self-awareness and its structural characteristics. In the context of a metasystem approach, the paper presents and provides a rationale for its theoretical structural and functional model. Self-awareness of the individual is represented as an open purpose-oriented tiered system, whose development results in the individual’s self-identification within the system of social relations.

Psychological Rehabilitation of Families with Children with Health Limitations

The paper presents an approach developed by the author of the study to addressing special features of the attitude to diseases and health conditions of different groups of people, including children and families with disabilities, and to addressing the problems and components of their rehabilitation. The study directs special attention at understanding as the leading modality of productive comprehension of health problems and their transformation, which is an important component of a person’s recovery and healing and his/her relationship with oneself and the world.

The Phenomenon of «Resources»: Stages and Situations of Actualization of Environment Conditions as Resources

The paper explores the phenomenon of «resources»: psychological mechanisms of actualizing the subject’s «internal conditions» and «external conditions» as resources, levels of activity and interaction of the subject in the «subject – environment» system, a measure of intensity of these interactions and possibilities of accumulating their «critical mass», people’s mental states resulting from «subjectgenerating» interactions and conducive to generating resources.

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