Теоретико-методологические подходы к исследованию развития психики


Представлено обоснование выбора метода исследования с уче- том не только предмета исследования, но и особенностей его объекта. Исходя из особенностей менталитета народа саха, ко- торого относят к «культуре молчания», в качестве такого метода предлагаются метод полуструктурированного клинического ин- тервью и интерпретация результатов с помощью микросеман- тического анализа. Выдвинуто предположение, что клиническое интерьвю позволит уточнить культурно-специфические психоло- гические конструкты. Приведены данные анализа протоколов для демонстрации особенностей метода.


Содержательно проанализированы современные подходы к исследованию проблемы само- сознания личности и его структурных характеристик. В контексте метасистемного подхода представлена и обоснована его теоретическая структурно-функциональная модель. Само- сознание личности представлено в виде открытой целеустремленной уровневой системы, результатом развития которой становится самоопределение личности в системе социальных отношений.

Psychological Rehabilitation of Families with Children with Health Limitations

The paper presents an approach developed by the author of the study to addressing special features of the attitude to diseases and health conditions of different groups of people, including children and families with disabilities, and to addressing the problems and components of their rehabilitation. The study directs special attention at understanding as the leading modality of productive comprehension of health problems and their transformation, which is an important component of a person’s recovery and healing and his/her relationship with oneself and the world.

The Phenomenon of «Resources»: Stages and Situations of Actualization of Environment Conditions as Resources

The paper explores the phenomenon of «resources»: psychological mechanisms of actualizing the subject’s «internal conditions» and «external conditions» as resources, levels of activity and interaction of the subject in the «subject – environment» system, a measure of intensity of these interactions and possibilities of accumulating their «critical mass», people’s mental states resulting from «subjectgenerating» interactions and conducive to generating resources.

Communication in the Context of Consciousness and Social Dynamics of Culture

The paper presents the findings of a theoretical analysis of the correlation between communication phenomena and consciousness, communication and culture, involving basic concepts of mass communication, in which an understanding of its nature, from transfer of information to symbolization and narrativization, is gradually developed. Social communication is viewed as the basic process of building psychosocial identity.

Eudaimonism versus Existentialism: Once Again on Values and Meaning of Life

The article uncovers similarities and differences in approaches to finding the meaning of life from the positions of V. Frankl’s existentialism and eudaemonism. In order to illustrate provisions of the letter we used «Personally –oriented concept of happiness», which was developed by the author of the article. It is shown the status of values, which V. Frankl gave to pleasant emotions, serves as a paradoxical proof of hedonistic orientation of logotherapy.

Space and Time of Intersubjective Interactions as Resources (Research Question Outline)

The paper presents a theoretical analysis of historical trends in the evolution of space and time in work organization as a collective activity of people as its subjects. Because of changes in conditions of interactions between these subjects, new resources are generated. The paper examines possible approaches to the study of space and the effects of interactions between subjects. It identifies seven stages in the evolution of interactions between subjects of collective activities during the twentieth century.

A Person’s Socialization in the Light of the Concepts of Three Anthropological Dominants (Research Question Outline)

A multidisciplinary analysis of a person’s socialization has been performed based on the theory of three modes of oral tradition epic, lyric poetry, and drama. The paper proposes an idea that a person’s socialization can be viewed as sequential inclusion of epic, lyric, and dramatic components of the exploration of social space.

Growing up in Adolescence Ontogenesis: the Theoretical and Methodological Basis of Research

The article describes theoretical explanation of the empirical study of a teenager transiting to adulthood. The author puts emphasis on the problem of growing personality from childhood to adulthood during ontogenesis with such determinants of the integral development as the development of adulthood, maturity and understanding of the problems of self-realization and self-expression in the future.

The Study of Social and Psychological Adaptation of the Compatriots Moving from the Neighboring Countries to Russia: Scientific and Methodical Aspect

The article argues for the adaptation research topicality of compatriots’ moving from neighboring countries to Russia, deals with methodical aspects of social-psychological and individual-personal factors, influencing migrants-compatriots’ adaptation success. It is expected that along with universality of expected problems migrants-compatriots’ social-psychological adaptation will have its specificity, caused by psychological characteristics and conditions of the resettlement of this category of migrants to Russia.