Теоретико-методологические подходы к исследованию развития психики

“Acme”: Space and Time of Manifestation of the Phenomenon

The article discusses the content of the phenomenon of “acme”, it identifies “open questions”, the lack of answers to which hinders its study (temporal parameters of acme, the degree and nature of integration of human qualities, uniqueness and stability of mental structures, the role of environment and the nature of involvement of human activity in the activities of social groups, etc.). The purpose of the article is to raise questions of searching for and identifying spatial and tempora parameters of how the phenomenon of “acme” is manifested.

Use of Clinical Interview for the Yakut Mentality Studies

The paper presents rationale for the choice of research method, taking into account not only the subject of the research, but also characteristics of the object of the research. Based on the features of the mentality of the Sakha people, which are referred to the «silence culture», we propose the method of semi-structured clinical interviews and interpretation of results using microsemantic analysis. It is suggested that the clinical interview will clarify specific cultural psychological constructs. To demonstrate the features of the method, the protocol analysis was presented.

Structural and Functional Approach to the Process of Identity Formation

The paper analyzes modern approaches to the study of a person’s self-awareness and its structural characteristics. In the context of a metasystem approach, the paper presents and provides a rationale for its theoretical structural and functional model. Self-awareness of the individual is represented as an open purpose-oriented tiered system, whose development results in the individual’s self-identification within the system of social relations.

Psychological Rehabilitation of Families with Children with Health Limitations

The paper presents an approach developed by the author of the study to addressing special features of the attitude to diseases and health conditions of different groups of people, including children and families with disabilities, and to addressing the problems and components of their rehabilitation. The study directs special attention at understanding as the leading modality of productive comprehension of health problems and their transformation, which is an important component of a person’s recovery and healing and his/her relationship with oneself and the world.

The Phenomenon of «Resources»: Stages and Situations of Actualization of Environment Conditions as Resources

The paper explores the phenomenon of «resources»: psychological mechanisms of actualizing the subject’s «internal conditions» and «external conditions» as resources, levels of activity and interaction of the subject in the «subject – environment» system, a measure of intensity of these interactions and possibilities of accumulating their «critical mass», people’s mental states resulting from «subjectgenerating» interactions and conducive to generating resources.

Communication in the Context of Consciousness and Social Dynamics of Culture

The paper presents the findings of a theoretical analysis of the correlation between communication phenomena and consciousness, communication and culture, involving basic concepts of mass communication, in which an understanding of its nature, from transfer of information to symbolization and narrativization, is gradually developed. Social communication is viewed as the basic process of building psychosocial identity.

Eudaimonism versus Existentialism: Once Again on Values and Meaning of Life

The article uncovers similarities and differences in approaches to finding the meaning of life from the positions of V. Frankl’s existentialism and eudaemonism. In order to illustrate provisions of the letter we used «Personally –oriented concept of happiness», which was developed by the author of the article. It is shown the status of values, which V. Frankl gave to pleasant emotions, serves as a paradoxical proof of hedonistic orientation of logotherapy.

Space and Time of Intersubjective Interactions as Resources (Research Question Outline)

The paper presents a theoretical analysis of historical trends in the evolution of space and time in work organization as a collective activity of people as its subjects. Because of changes in conditions of interactions between these subjects, new resources are generated. The paper examines possible approaches to the study of space and the effects of interactions between subjects. It identifies seven stages in the evolution of interactions between subjects of collective activities during the twentieth century.

A Person’s Socialization in the Light of the Concepts of Three Anthropological Dominants (Research Question Outline)

A multidisciplinary analysis of a person’s socialization has been performed based on the theory of three modes of oral tradition epic, lyric poetry, and drama. The paper proposes an idea that a person’s socialization can be viewed as sequential inclusion of epic, lyric, and dramatic components of the exploration of social space.

Growing up in Adolescence Ontogenesis: the Theoretical and Methodological Basis of Research

The article describes theoretical explanation of the empirical study of a teenager transiting to adulthood. The author puts emphasis on the problem of growing personality from childhood to adulthood during ontogenesis with such determinants of the integral development as the development of adulthood, maturity and understanding of the problems of self-realization and self-expression in the future.