Психология социального развития

Presentation about Hope in Different Age Groups

Hope, as a psychological category, has been studied by scholars in different times, but its essence is still not disclosed. Hope is a product of a person’s relationship to the life situation. Behavior of an individual in a particular situation with respect to the object of hope depends on his/her experience and the system of values and meanings that determine his/ her future behavior. It is noted that the picture of a personality’s world changes under the influence of external changes that form its new ideas, displacing or leveling the already existing ones.

Presentation of Professionally Important Qualities of the Counselor by Students with Different Levels of Empathic Abilities

Counseling is one of the most popular and promising professions in this country. The article explores the topical problem of enhancing the efficiency of mastering the future professional activity during training and successful application of the acquired knowledge at work. The study includes an analysis of approaches to the study of professionally important qualities of a counselor, and an analysis of different approaches to solving this problem.

Satisfaction with their Profession in Urban and Rural High-School Teachers

In the current context of ongoing modernization of the Russian system of education, associated with an imperative need in the “new” teacher who will be able to accept objective social changes, meet the demands of the transforming education system, and be capable of professional “mobility” in his/her pedagogical work, satisfaction with one’s professional occupation becomes one of the indicators of the initiation of a process of unlocking the teacher’s personality potential and actualizing his/her own self in their work.

Strategies of Socio-Psychological Adaptation as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being of the Unemployed Person

The article presents the results of a theoretical study of parameters of socio-psychological adaptation as predictors of subjective well-being of the individual with different employment situations. It is shown that subjective well-being of a person is determined, in particular, by his/her desire for dominance in relationships, adequate integration of the individual in society, external control, comfortable emotional state, the desire to avoid solving problems and taking responsibility by escaping reality.

Comparative Analysis of Behavior Self-Management and Self-Regulation in Adolescents with Different Levels of Autonomy

The article presents the results of a study in the formation of the ability to self-manage and self-regulate behavior in adolescents with different levels of autonomy (N = 117, aged 13–15), performed with the use of the following psychodiagnostic instruments: AutonomyDependence Questionnaire (G. S. Prygin), Style Self-Regulation of Human Behavior (V. I. Morosanova), and Self-Management Ability (N. M. Peisakhov).

Hardiness as a Predictor of Self-Realization in Difficult Life Situations

The article presents the results of a study which conclusively prove a correlation between self-realization and the individual’s hardiness. It is shown that under certain conditions (in difficult life situations) hardiness as a property of the personality is a predictor of self-fulfillment of the subjects of activity. The article outlines modern trends in research of self-realization in the context of the system paradigm. It further identifies main individual and personal determinants of the manifestation of personal self-realization. The methodological basis of this study was S. I.

When You Turn Out to Be the Outsider!

The article outlines the results of an empirical study of the phenomenological experience of the individual who finds himself/ herself in a situation of forced otherness, i.e. a situation where the individual, subjectively perceiving other people as belonging to his/ her in-group, is himself/herself perceived by them as an outsider. The study relies on qualitative methodology, which is based on case studies and whose units of analysis are emotional, cognitive, and behavioral indicators of the personality that is experiencing otherness.

Coaches’ Teaching Styles as Factors of its Effectiveness

The article presents the results of three lines of an experimental study. This study aimed to establish: coaches’ working styles and interrelationships between these styles; results of coaches’ works and interrelationships between these results; and the effect coaching styles had on the parameters of their effectiveness. Several styles of coaches’ work were identified: variative and preparative. The study also identified two types of coaching work: one focused on disciplining and health-improvement, the other focused on instruction and competitions.

Students’ Preferred Leisure Activities

The paper presents the results of a theoretical analysis of the problems of students’ preferred leisure activities. The socio-psychological importance of how these preferences are realized is defined as one of the factors of personality’s development and self-realization in the context of interaction between social and cultural groups of students. It is demonstrated that students who prefer going to shopping malls, do so to get positive emotional experiences: for them is not only a place for shopping but also a convenient (reasonable, optimal) leisure activity.

Time Prospective of Senior High School Students with Different Levels of Subjective Control

The paper presents the results of theoretical and empirical research of time perspective among senior high school students depending on the subjective control localization. The study was conducted on the samples of senior high school students from general schools of the city of Saratov with «extreme» level of subjective control (n=70). Following psychodiagnostic methods were used: «Levels of subjective control» (by J. Rotter, modified by E. F. Bazhin, E. A. Golynkina, L. M. Etkind); «Psychological time of an individual» (by A. Kronik, E.