The Phenomenon of «Resources»: Stages and Situations of Actualization of Environment Conditions as Resources


The paper explores the phenomenon of «resources»: psychological mechanisms of actualizing the subject’s «internal conditions» and «external conditions» as resources, levels of activity and interaction of the subject in the «subject – environment» system, a measure of intensity of these interactions and possibilities of accumulating their «critical mass», people’s mental states resulting from «subjectgenerating» interactions and conducive to generating resources. The paper analyses results of theoretical and empirical research of the subject’s activity and interactions of agents of co-operation. It is established that: 1) the least researched questions in the study of resources are psychological mechanisms of actualizing conditions of the subject’s internal and external environment as resources; 2) there are three distinct ways of reasoning in understanding and defining of the processes of actualizing conditions as resources: extensive integration of different problem-solving tools; a person’s mobilization of his/her capabilities (physical, mental, spiritual) in an emergency; actualization of new conditions of internal and external environment, formation of new psychic structures, reorganization of psychic structures; 3) well-substantiated theoretical ideas about psychological mechanisms of actualization of resources in real life with real-life interpersonal relations bear upon only very infrequent forms and unique situations of interaction between agents of cooperation; 4) the types of interactions that are the most fertile for actualization of the subject’s internal and external environment conditions as resources, may be not short-term or formal ones, but long-term and profound interpersonal and intersubject interactions between people oriented towards major professional achievements (e.g. the «coach – athlete dyad in sports», «mentor – apprentice» in art and science, «consultant – client» in psychotherapy, etc.); 5) methodological contours of the «minor theory» of generation of resources remain unclear so far.


1. Zhuravlev A. L., Nestik T. A. Upravlenie sovmestnoy deyatel’nost’yu: Novye napravleniya issledovaniy (Management of cooperative activity: New researching directions). Moscow, 2010. 782 p. (in Russian).

2. Vayskunskiy A. E., Ermolova T. D., Khromova V. M., Yagolkovskiy S. R. Kreativnost’ pri individual’nom i sovmestnom reshenii zadach konstruirovaniya v usloviyakh primeneniya komp’yuternoy igry Minecraft (Creativity in individual and cooperative solutions of constructing tasks in conditions of using computer game Minecraft). Ekopsikhologicheskie issledovaniya-4 (Ecopsychological researches-4). Ed. by V. I. Panov. Moscow; St. Petersbirg, 2016, pp. 109–130 (in Russian).

3. Gryazeva-Dobshinskaya V. G. Sinergiya vzaimodeystviy sub”ektov v sovmestnoy tvorcheskoy deyatel’nosti kak mekhanizm tvorcheskogo liderstva (Synergy of subjects’ interactions in cooperative creative activity as mechanism of creative leadership). Psikhologiya intellekta i tvorchestva (Psychology of intellect and creation). Moscow, 2010, pp. 298–308 (in Russian).

4. Tolochek V. A. Intersub”ektnye, intrasub”ektnye i vnesub”ektnye resursy professional’noy uspeshnosti (Inter-subject, intra-subject and out-subject resources of professional successfulness). Vestnik universiteta (Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya) (University bulletin {State University of Management}), 2008, no. 2 (40), pp. 155–161 (in Russian).

5. Tolochek V. A. Professional’naya uspeshnost’: ot sposobnostey k resursam (dopolnyayushchie paradigmy) (Professional successfuiness: from abilities to resources (adding paradigms). Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki (Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics), 2009, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 27–61 (in Russian).

6. Tolochek V. A. Stili deyatel’nosti: resursnyy podkhod (Activity styles: resource approach). Moscow, 2015. 366 p. (in Russian).

7. Deryabo S. D., Yasvin V. A. Ekologicheskaya pedagogika i psikhologiya (Ecological pedagogy and psychology). Rostov-on-Don, 1996. 480 p. (in Russian).

8. Kaptsov A. V., Panov V. I. Tipologiya mezhindividnykh vzaimodeystviy s pozitsii ekopsikhologicheskogo podkhoda (Typology of inter-individual interactions from position of eco-psychological approach). Ekopsikhologicheskie issledovaniya-4 (Eco-psychological researches-4). Ed. by V. I. Panov. Moscow; St. Petersburg, 2016, pp. 141–155 (in Russian).

9. Panov V. I. Ekologicheskaya psikhologiya: opyt postroeniya metodologii (Ecological psychology: Experience of methodology building). Moscow, 2004. 197 p. (in Russian).

10. Panov V. I. Ekopsikhologiya: Paradigmal’nyy poisk (Ecopsychology: paradigm search). Moscow; St. Petersburg, 2014. 304 p. (in Russian).

11. Pawlik K., Stapf K. Okologische Psychologie: Entwicklung, Perspektive und Aufbauenes Forschungsprogramms. Umwelt und Verhalten (Environmental psychology: development prospects and research program Environment and behavior). Bern, 1992, pp. 9–24 (in German).

12. Coskun H., Paulus P., Brown V., Sherwood J. Cognitive stimulation and problem presentation in idea generation groups. Group Dynamics: Theori, Research, and Practice, 2000, vol. 4, pp. 307–329.

13. Hoddou H. A., Camilleri G., Zarate P. Prediction and ideas number during a brainstorming session. Group Decision and Negotiation, 2014, vol. 23 (2), pp. 271–298.

14. Holl D., Buzwell S. The problem of free-riding in group projects: Looking beyond social loafi ng as reason for non-contribution. Active Leaning in Higher Education, 2013, vol. 14 (1), pp. 37–49.

15. Heradotou C., Kombourib M., Winters N. The role of train emotional intelligence in gamers’ prefe rences for play and frequency of gaming. Computers in Human Behavior, 2011, vol. 27 (5), pp. 1815–1919.

16. Nijstad B. A., Stroebe W., Lodewijkx H. F. M. Persistence of brainstorming groups: Haw do people know when to stop? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1999, vol. 35, pp. 165–185.

17. Paulus P. B., Kohn N. W., Arditti L. E., Korde R. M. Understanding the group side effect in electronic brainstorming. Small Group Research, 2013, vol. 44 (3), pp. 332–252.

18. Podd’yakov A. N. Metodologicheskiy analiz paradigm konkurentsii v obuchenii (Methodological analysis of paradigms of competition in learning). Moscow, 2006. 240 p. (in Russian).

19. Karpov A. V. Refl eksivnaya determinatsiya deyatel’nosti i lichnosti (Refl exive determination of activity and personality). Moscow, 2012. 476 p. (in Russian).

20. Karpov A. V. Psikhologiya deyatel’nosti: v 5 t. T. 3. Funktsional’nye zakonomernosti (Psychology of activity: in 5 vol. Vol. 3. Functional regularities). Moscow, 2015. 496 p. (in Russian).

21. Kashapov M. M. Stadii tvorcheskogo myshleniya professional. (Stages of professional’s creative thinking). Yaroslavl’, 2009. 183 p. (in Russian).

22. Mdivani M. O. Metod issledovaniya sub”ekt-porozhdayushchego vzaimodeystviya (Method of investigation of subject-generating interaction). Ekopsikhologicheskie issledovaniya-4 (Eco-psychological researches-4). Ed. by V. I. Panov. Moscow; St. Petersburg, 2016, pp. 156–169 (in Russian).

23. Povarenkov Yu. P. Problemy psikhologiya professional’nogo stanovleniya lichnosti (Issues of psychology of personality’s professional establishing). Yaroslavl’, 2008. 200 p. (in Russian).

24. Shadrikov V. D. Problemy sistemogeneza professional’noy deyatel’nosti (Issues of system-genesis of professional activity). Moscow. 1982. 185 p. (in Russian).

25. Lomov B. F. Problemy i strategiya psikhologicheskogo issledovaniya (Problems and strategy of psychological investigation). Moscow, 1999. 206 p. (in Russian).

Full text (in Russian): 
Short text (in English):