Specificity of the Association between Self-Actualization and Psychometric Creativity


The study attempted to examine the association between creativity measured by divergent thinking tests, and self-actualization. The empirical base was 120 students (100 females, 17 to 22 years of age). The following assessment methods were administered: Self-actualization questionnaire (A. V. Lazukin), E. Torrance Test of Creative Thinking, Remote Associates Test (S. Mednick), Purpose-in-Life Orientations Test (D. A. Leontyev), Questionnaire «Empathy» (V. Boyko), and Self-esteem scale (Dembo – Rubinstein). Previous findings show the similarity of characteristics of creative and self-actualizing personality. In our study, correlation and regression analysis showed that psychometric creativity is not associated with characteristics of selfactualizing personality, emphasizing the purpose-in-life orientations, empathy and self-esteem. The personality’s differences between creative and self-actualizing people are discussed.


1. Маслоу А. Г. Самоактуализированные люди : исследо- вания психологического здоровья. М., 2000. 258 с.

2. Rogers C. On becoming a person : a therapist’s view of psychotherapy. Boston, 1995. 413 p.

3. Runco M. A., Bahleda M. D. Implicit theories of artistic, scientifi c, and everyday creativity // The Journal of Creative Behavior. 1986. Vol. 20, iss. 2. P. 93–98.

4. Дружинин В. Н. Психология творчества // Психол. журн. 2005. № 5. С. 101–110.

5. Коростылева Л. А. Психология самореализации лич- ности : затруднения в профессиональной сфере. СПб., 2005. 222 с.

6. Maslow A. Towards a psychology of being. 2nd ed. N.Y., 1968. 240 p.

7. Mathes E. W. Self-actualization, metavalues, and creativity // Psychological Reports. 1978. Vol. 43, iss. 1. P. 215–222.

8. Ильиных А. Е. Социальная креативность личности : психологическая структура // Изв. Сарат. ун-та. Нов. сер. Сер. Философия. Психология. Педагогика. 2011. Т. 11, вып 3. С. 74–77.

9. Григорьева М. В., Заболотина Е. Н. Творческая актив- ность и самоактуализация личности подростка // Изв. Сарат. ун-та. Нов. сер. Сер. Акмеология образования. Психология развития. 2013. Т. 2, вып. 3. С. 273–279.

10. Загорная Е. В. Структура и содержание креативности в контексте самоактуализации личности : дис. … канд. психол. наук. СПб., 2015. 180 с.

11. Львова И. В. Психологические факторы развития кре- ативности личности : автореф. дис. … канд. психол. наук. Новосибирск, 2005. 19 с.

12. Runco M. A. Creativity : theories and themes : research, development, and practice. San Diego, 2007. 504 p.

Full text (in Russian): 
Short text (in English):